Created by Terri Johnson

History Comes Alive...
When your student records significant historical events in his own hand. This blank timeline book with
dates pre-marked from 5000BC to the present will allow your student to gain a better understanding
of the flow of history.
He will make connections between historical events by recording entries across academic subjects...
* kingdoms
* empires
* rulers
* scientists
* literature
* great writers
* musicians
* and so much more!
...all can be recorded into his own personal book of history. Wonders of Old is divided into four
historical time periods: ancient, medieval, new world and modern. Significant dates are listed at the
conclusion of each section as a helpful reference.
Hooray!Knowledge Quest’s latest offering fills yet another gap in the resources currently available
to parents and teachers who seek to help their students make connections between key events as they
trace the quiet sovereignty of God in history.Wonders of Old offers a paper-based alternative to wall
or computer timeline versions that is well-planned, attractive and affordable! The student that does
careful and consistent work in this volume will have an informative, enduring keepsake to which he can
refer in years to come.
Marcia Somerville, author of Tapestry of Grace
Maps and Wall Timelines also available from Knowledge Quest.
Be sure to visit us online at: www.kqpublishing.org

Created by Terri Johnson
Wonders
ofOld
A Blank Timeline Book of World History
An Oregon Corporation

Page 4
Wondersof Old
A Blank Timeline Book of World History
Created by Terri Johnson
Published by: Bramley Books™, a division of
Knowledge Quest, Inc.
Post Office Box 789
Boring, OR 97009-0789
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or
transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical,
including photocopying, recording or by any information storage
and retrieval system without written permission from the author,
except for the inclusion of brief quotations in a review.
Copyright © 2004 Knowledge Quest
Revised 2007 Knowledge Quest, Inc.
by Terri Johnson
www.kqpublishing.org
www.kqpublishing.org
Printed in the United States of America
ISBN 978-1-932786-31-6 (ebook edition)
Cover design by Cathi Stevenson, Nova Scotia

Page 5
b Table of Contents d
Introduction to parents and teachers...............................................................6
Introduction to students...................................................................................7
Timeline of Ancient History ...........................................................................9
Significant dates of ancient history...............................................................39
Timeline of Medieval History.......................................................................43
Significant dates of medieval history............................................................57
Timeline of New World History....................................................................61
Significant dates of new world history..........................................................72
Timeline of Modern History.........................................................................75
Significant dates of modern history ..............................................................96
My notes (blank sheets)..............................................................................100
Ordering information..................................................................................104

Page 6
b Introduction for Parents and Teachers d
Dear Educator,
As you know, history is a fascinating series of interconnected events. It is amazing how seemingly
unrelated happenings tie into one another. Why, for example, was the United States able to buy
the Louisiana Purchase for only 2¢ an acre? Napoleon would never have sold this valuable land so
cheaply unless he was desperate to fund his war efforts in western Europe. And, of course, this pur-
chase was the catalyst for Lewis and Clark’s famous exploration. We make these connections with
the help of a timeline, whether it be mental or physical. As these events become congested on our
timeline, we can then begin to look for the relationships between them.
This is a type of thinking we want our middle grade students to develop and our older students to
fine-tune. As our children reach fifth or sixth grade (age 10-12), they begin to reason in a more logi-
cal manner. They learn to argue more effectively and think more logically. Yet this thinking needs
to be carefully cultivated, not left to its own to sprout at will.
The resource of this timeline book will give your student(s) a valuable tool in making logical con-
nections in history. Encourage him to mark significant dates/events/people from all subjects areas
into his book when he encounters them in his studies. The more he records, the more connections he
will make. And be careful not to draw the conclusions for him, but rather ask leading questions and
allow him to have that “Ah ha!” moment of revelation that brings such satisfaction.
We, at Knowledge Quest, wish you every success in your teaching endeavors.
Blessings to you on your educational journey,
Terri Johnson

Page 7
b Introduction for Students d
Dear young historian,
You hold in your hand a blank timeline book for you to fill in by recording the events of history.
What is the point, you ask? Well, let’s see...
What was significant about the year 1453AD? This was the year that Constantinople fell to the Otto-
man Turks, the end of the Hundred Years’ War between Britain and France, and the time of produc-
tion on the Gutenberg Bible, the first printed book. These events are seemingly unrelated and yet the
use of a timeline can unlock the mystery of why all of these events occurred within the same year.
A timeline will give you a unique perspective of time. By seeing the events of history recorded in
a linear progression, you will make connections between those events in history that you might not
otherwise make as you study them separately.
A timeline will not provide you with the answers, but it will stir your curiousity and lead you to re-
searching and discovering the answers yourself. This is what makes history fascinating.
To get the most out of this timeline tool, I would ask you to record historical events and people as
you study them. Be sure to include scientists and their discoveries, inventions, famous artists and
writers, virtually anything that occurred in times past. There is a list of significant events provided
for you following each section of your timeline book, but this is just the tip of the iceberg. There is
so much to learn and study. Don’t let the list limit your entries.
If you choose to color code your entries, use this section below to choose and stay consistent with
colors. By the way, gel pens or sharp colored pencils work well for writing with color. And always
use your best handwriting. This may become a cherished keepsake from your school years.
Wishing you all the best,
Terri Johnson
War/Conflict
Kings/Rulers
Laws/Ruling
Literature
Exploration
Science
Music
Art
Inventions
The Bible
The Church
Medicine
Architecture
Nations/
Empires
Religious
Leaders

Page 8
“I will remember the works of the LORD: surely I
will remember thy wonders of old. I will meditate
also on all thy work, and talk of thy doings.”
...from the Old Testament, the book of Psalms, KJV,
written primarily by King David of Israel c.1000BC

Timeline of
Ancient History
5000BC - 400AD

Page 10
The Ancients
Page 10
9000BC
Before 9000BC

Page 11
5000BC
4900BC

Page 12
The Ancients
Page 12
4800BC
4700BC

Page 13
4600BC
4500BC

Page 14
The Ancients
Page 14
4400BC
4300BC

Page 15
4200BC
4100BC

Page 16
The Ancients
Page 16
4000BC
3900BC

Page 17
3800BC
3700BC

Page 18
The Ancients
Page 18
3600BC
3500BC

Page 19
3400BC
3300BC

Page 20
The Ancients
Page 20
3200BC
3100BC

Page 21
3000BC
2900BC

Page 22
The Ancients
Page 22
2800BC
2700BC

Page 23
2600BC
2500BC

Page 24
The Ancients
Page 24
2400BC
2300BC

Page 25
2200BC
2100BC

Page 26
The Ancients
Page 26
2000BC
1900BC

Page 27
1800BC
1700BC

Page 28
The Ancients
Page 28
1600BC
1500BC

Page 29
1400BC
1300BC

Page 30
The Ancients
Page 30
1200BC
1100BC

Page 31
1000BC
900BC

Page 32
The Ancients
Page 32
800BC
700BC

Page 33
600BC
500BC

Page 34
The Ancients
Page 34
400BC
300BC

Page 35
200BC
100BC

Page 36
The Ancients
Page 36
1
100AD

Page 37
200AD
300AD

Page 38
The Ancients
Page 38
400AD

Page 39
Significant Dates* to Consider for the Ancient Time Period:
5000* BC
Farming begins in the fertile crescent
5000
BC
Farming begins in the Nile valley
5000
BC
Jericho grows into a wealthy town
5000
BC
Catal Huyuk is at its largest
4500
BC
First farmers in western Europe
4300
BC
First megaliths built in Brittany and Ireland
3900
BC
The Great Flood (date varies considerably among resources)
3500
BC
The wheel is invented
3500
BC
The Tower of Babel
3500
BC
Farmers settle in the Indus Valley
3300
BC
Growth of towns in Nile valley
3300
BC
Development of hieroglyphics
3100
BC
Menes unites Upper and Lower Egypt
3100
BC
Cuneiform writing is used
3000
BC
Building of Stonehenge has begun
3000
BC
First Chinese towns appear
3000
BC
Sahara desert dries up
2920
BC
The first pharaohs
2750
BC
Farming begins in West Africa
2700
BC
Huang Di becomes emperor of China
2600
BC
Ceremonial sites built in Peru
2575
BC
Old Kingdom of Egypt
2550
BC
The Great Pyramid is completed
2500
BC
Indus Valley civilization at its greatest (until 1800BC)
2500
BC
Towns begin to grow up in Crete
2500
BC
Royal tombs are built at Ur
2500
BC
Assyrians settle the upper Tigris valley
2200
BC
Period of Xia dynasty – Yu is the emperor
2200
BC
Mexican farming villages begin
2100
BC
The king of Ur rules Sumer and Akkad
2100
BC
The ziggurat at Ur is built
2040
BC
Middle Kingdom of Egypt
2000
BC
The Mycenaeans settle in Greece
2000
BC
The Hittites settle in Anatolia
2000
BC
The Amorites invade Akkadia
2000
BC
Peak of megalith building – Stonehenge nearly complete
1800
BC
Abraham settles in Canaan
1792
BC
Hammurabi rules Babylon (until 1750BC)
1766
BC
Shang dynasty begins rule in China
1720
BC
Egypt is invaded by the Hyksos
1700
BC
Crete at its most powerful (until 1450BC)

Page 40
1680
BC
Assyria falls to the Hurrians
1595
BC
Hittites raid Babylon
1550
BC
New Kingdom of Egypt
1500
BC
The Aryans invade the Indus Valley
1450
BC
The Mycenaeans invade Crete
1400
BC
Phoenicians develop the first alphabet
1400
BC
Peak of Shang dynasty
1380
BC
King Shuppiluliuma rules the Hittites
1300
BC
Assyria regains power
1280
BC
Rameses II makes peace with the Hittites
1250
BC
Troy is destroyed
1200
BC
The Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt (perhaps as early as 1446BC)
1200
BC
Olmec towns built in Mexico
1195
BC
The Hittites are defeated by the Sea Peoples
1150
BC
The Philistines settle in southern Canaan
1122
BC
Zhou dynasty replaces the Shang
1100
BC
The Greek Dark Ages (until 800BC)
1076
BC
Assyria falls to the Aramaeans
1020
BC
Saul becomes King of Israel
1000
BC
David becomes King of Israel (until 965BC)
965
BC
Solomon reigns in Israel (until 928BC)
926
BC
Israel is divided in two
853
BC
Assyria takes control of Babylon
814
BC
Carthage is built
800
BC
The Etruscan civilization emerges
800
BC
First city-states founded in Greece
776
BC
The first Olympic Games
753
BC
The founding of Rome
730
BC
Assyria at its greatest
721
BC
Assyrians invade Israel, dispersing the Jews
700
BC
Nubian kingdom of Kush flourishes
668
BC
King Ashurbanipal rules Assyria (until 627BC)
626
BC
Babylonians revolt against the Assyrians
612
BC
Nineveh sacked by the Babylonians and Medes
612
BC
Fall of Assyria to the Babylonians and Medes
604
BC
Nebuchadnezzar becomes king of Babylon
600
BC
Nok culture in Nigeria begins to grow
600
BC
Earliest Mayan temples built
594
BC
Reform of the Athenian constitution
587
BC
Babylonians destroy Jerusalem and deport many Jews to Babylon
559
BC
Cyrus the Great creates the Persian Empire (until 530BC)
540
BC
Persians conquer Ionia (Greece)
539
BC
Babylon conquered by Cyrus the Great of Persia
The Ancients

Page 41
521
BC
Darius expands Persian Empire to its greatest point
514
BC
The Scythians fight off an attack by the Persians
509
BC
The beginning of the Roman Republic
486
BC
Xerxes I rules Persia (until 465BC)
480
BC
Greeks halt Persian expansion at Salamis
447
BC
The Parthenon is built in Greece
431
BC
Peloponnesian Wars – Athens against Sparta
404
BC
Athens falls to Sparta
390
BC
Rome sacked by the Celts
371
BC
Sparta declines in power
350
BC
Decline of the Olmecs (Mexico)
350
BC
Earliest Mayan city-states appear
337
BC
Philip of Macedon invades Greece
332
BC
Alexander the Great conquers Egypt
331
BC
Fall of Persia to Alexander the Great
321
BC
Chandragupta Maurya establishes Mauryan Empire in India
315
BC
Qin becomes leading state in China
306
BC
Romans defeat Etruscans
300
BC
Rome expands to dominate Italy
300
BC
Tiahuanaco, Peru founded
264
BC
Punic Wars
230
BC
King Qin Zheng begins to unify China by force
221
BC
Qin dynasty unites China for the first time in one empire
214
BC
Construction of the Great Wall begins
212
BC
Chinese script standardized
202
BC
Founding of the Han dynasty in China
202
BC
The fall of Carthage
200
BC
The Polynesians migrate to Tahiti and the Marquesas
200
BC
First African city, Jenne-jeno, is established
200
BC
Teotihuacan founded in Mexico
196
BC
The Rosetta Stone
185
BC
The Mauryan Empire of India collapses
146
BC
Rome conquers Greece
103
BC
Revolt by slaves in Rome
91
BC
War between Rome and Italian cities
88
BC
Civil war in Rome
63
BC
Cleopatra (death by suicide in 30 BC)
58
BC
The Gallic Wars (until 53 BC)
50
BC
Rome conquers France
49
BC
Julius Caesar takes control of Rome
27
BC
Augustus becomes the first Emperor of Rome
3
BC
The birth of Jesus of Nazareth in Bethlehem

Page 42
-1- Anno Domini – The Year of our Lord
30
AD
The crucifixion of Jesus Christ
30
AD
Egypt becomes part of the Roman Empire
45
AD
Paul’s missions begin to Greece, Anatolia and Rome (until 58AD)
58
AD
Paul travels to Rome
64
AD
Persecution of Christians in Rome under Nero
65
AD
The Christian Gospels are being written
75
AD
The Kushan invasion of India
79
AD
The destruction of Pompeii
100
AD
Buddhism spreads from India
100
AD
Paper is invented
100
AD
The Gospels are completed
100
AD
The Roman empire reaches its greatest extent
165
AD
The plague sweeps through the Roman Empire
200
AD
The Roman empire’s road system is completed
212
AD
Roman citizenship granted to all inhabitants of the empire
269
AD
St. Anthony establishes Christian monasticism in Egypt
313
AD
Emperor Constantine converts to Christianity
320
AD
Rule by Chandragupta I of India (founder of the Gupta Empire)
324
AD
Constantinople founded as the new capital of the Roman Empire
325
AD
The first Council of Nicaea
366
AD
The Japanese invade southern Korea
367
AD
Scots, Picts and Saxons attack Roman Britain
370
AD
Barbarians attack the Roman empire
380
AD
Rule by Chandragupta II of India (Gupta Empire at its peak)
391
AD
Christianity becomes the official religion of the Roman Empire
400
AD
Polynesian people migrate to the Hawaiian islands
406
AD
Roman withdrawal from Britain, Gaul and Iberia
410
AD
The Visigoths sack Rome – the fall of Rome
441
AD
The Huns defeat the Romans
451
AD
Huns devastate Gaul and northern Italy
470
AD
Decline of the Gupta Empire in India
476
AD
Fall of the last Roman emperor – Romulus Augustus
*Please note: Most dates prior to 650BC are considered approximate
The Ancients

Timeline of
Medieval History
400 - 1600

The Middle Ages
Page 44
400

Page 45
500

The Middle Ages
Page 46
600

Page 47
700

The Middle Ages
Page 48
800

Page 49
900

The Middle Ages
Page 50
1000

Page 51
1100

The Middle Ages
Page 52
1200

Page 53
1300

The Middle Ages
Page 54
1400

Page 55
1500

The Middle Ages
Page 56
1600

Page 57
The Middle Ages
Significant Dates to Consider for the Medieval Time Period:
432
St. Patrick introduces Christianity to Ireland
476
The fall of the last Roman emperor
486
France united by Merovingian King, Clovis (until 510)
491
Anastasius, Emperor of the Byzantine empire (until 518)
527
Justinian and Theodora rule the Byzantine empire (until 565)
540
St. Benedict writes his Benedictine monastic rule
589
Yang Jian unites China, beginning Sui dynasty
597
Augustine arrives in Britain to convert the Saxons
600
Teotihuacan in Mexico is sacked and burned
610
Emperor Heraclius expands Byzantium
618
Tang dynasty founded by Li Jian
622
The flight from Mecca to Medina (the Hegira) takes place
630
Muhammad takes Mecca and forms an Islamic state
633
Arabs conquer Syria, Egypt and North Africa
636
Muslims capture Palestine, Syria, Persia and Egypt (until 642)
640
Chinese expansion in central Asia and Korea (until 660)
679
Bulgars conquer the Balkan territories
700
The epic of Beowulf
711
Arabs invade Spain
732
Franks defeat the Arabs at Poitiers, France
768
Charlemagne becomes Carolingian King
782
Charlemagne defeats the Saxons
790
Charlemagne defeats the Austrian Avars
793
The first Viking raid (Lindisfarne monastery)
794
Japanese court moves to a new capital at Heian on Kyoto
800
Pope crowns Charlemagne the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
800
Toltec migration into Mexico
814
Charlemagne dies
843
Carolingian Empire divided into three (western Europe)
858
Fujiwara Yorifusa becomes regent of Japan
870
Danes immigrate into Danelaw
871
Alfred the Great becomes king of Wessex (until 899)
880
The Khmer conquer the Mon and Thai peoples in southeast Asia
896
Prince Arpad becomes leader of the Magyars (until 907)
900
Angkor Thom in Thailand is built
906
Moravia falls to the Magyars
907
Tang Dynasty collapses
920
Wenceslas tries to modernize Bohemia
955
Defeat of the Magyars, ending Magyar raids on Europe

Page 58
960
Song Taizu founds the Song dynasty in China
976
Basil II rebuilds the Byzantine empire (until 1026)
983
The Vikings start a colony in Greenland
1000
Leif Ericson reaches North America
1013
The Danes conquer England
1054
Orthodox and Catholic churches split
1066
The Normans of France conquer England
1096
The First Crusade (until 1099)
1113
Angkor Wat in Thailand is built
1122
Eleanor of Aquitaine born
1127
The Jin conquer northern China and the Song retreat to Hangzhou
1133
Henry of Anjou born – death 1189
1137
Founding of Ethiopia by the Zagwe dynasty
1139
Eleanor of Aquitaine marries Louis VII of France; marriage annulled
1152
Henry marries Eleanor of Aquitaine
1154
Henry becomes king of England
1157
Birth of Richard I of England (the Lionheart) – death 1199
1166
Rory O’Connor becomes the first king of Ireland since 1014
1170
Murder of Thomas a Becket (becomes a saint in 1173)
1170
Norman invasion of Ireland
1180
Gempei civil war in Japan and the rise of the shoguns (until 1185)
1187
Saladin wins back Jerusalem
1189
Jewish massacre in York, England
1189
The Third Crusade (until 1192)
1200
Peak of the political power of the Roman Catholic Church
1200
Rise of the Aztecs and the Incas
1202
The Fourth Crusade ransacks Constantinople (until 1204)
1204
Norman Crusaders capture Constantinople
1209
Franciscan order receives papal approval
1212
The Children’s Crusade
1215
Death of last Angkor king, Jayavarman VII (southeast Asia)
1215
King John signs the Magna Carta
1225
The Magna Carta becomes the law of England
1234
The Mongols conquer northern China and exile the Jin
1238
Invasion of Russia by the Mongols
1241
Collapse of Hungary after the Mongol raids
1248
The Christians reconquer most of Spain
1260
Peak of Bohemian power
1261
Byzantines retake Constantinople
1271
The travels of Marco Polo to China (until 1295)
1272
Edward I becomes king of England (until 1307)
1279
The Mongols conquer southern China and the Song dynasty ends

Page 59
The Middle Ages
1290
Expulsion of Jews from England
1291
The last Crusades and Acre is defeated
1307
Edward II becomes king of England
1308
Bohemia and Moravia controlled by Germany
1337
The Hundred Years’ War (until 1453)
1347
The Black Death sweeps through Europe (until 1351)
1353
The Black Death breaks out in China
1368
The Ming dynasty begins (until 1644)
1372
The birth of Jan Hus - death 1415
1378
The Great Schism (until 1417)
1381
The Peasant’s Revolt is led by Wat Tyler (England)
1412
Birth of Joan of Arc
1419
The Hussite wars (until 1436)
1431
Joan of Arc burned at the stake (became a saint in 1920)
1438
Habsburg family controls the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)
1440
Oba Eware the Great ruled Benin in West Africa (until 1473)
1452
Birth of Leonardo Da Vinci - death 1519
1453
Fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks
1455
Johann Gutenberg prints the first book, the Bible
1462
Ivan III (the Great) strengthens Moscow (until 1505)
1469
The marriage of Ferdinand of Spain and Isabella
1477
The Netherlands become a Habsburg possession
1478
The Spanish Inquisition
1485
Henry Tudor comes to power in England (1457 – 1509)
1488
Dias rounds the Cape of Good Hope
1491
Birth of Henry VIII – death 1547
1492
The conquest of Granada
1492
Christopher Columbus discovers the West Indies (1451 – 1506)
1497
Vasco de Gama rounds the Cape of Good Hope
1499
Amerigo Vespucci discovers South America
1504
The Moguls seize Kabul in Afghanistan
1512
Michelangelo Buonarroti paints the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
1516
Ferdinand of Spain dies (Isabella died in 1504)
1516
Charles V became king of Spain (1500 – 1558)
1517
Martin Luther nails a list of 95 theses to the church door at Wittenberg
1519
Ferdinand Magellan leads the first expedition to sail around the world
1522
Luther’s Bible is published in German
1530
First Portuguese colony established in Brazil
1532
The Spanish invade the Inca Empire
1533
Ivan IV (the Terrible) expands Russia (until 1584)
1534
First African slaves are brought to Brazil
1534
England separates from the Roman Church

Page 60
1540
John Calvin establishes the Protestant church in Geneva
1542
Mary Stuart becomes queen of Scotland when she is only 1 week old
1549
First Jesuit mission to Japan
1558
Elizabeth I becomes the queen of England and Scotland (1533 – 1603)
1562
The Huguenot Wars in France (until 1598)
1566
Calvinist church founded in the Netherlands
1572
The Massacre of St. Bartholomew’s Day (France)
1580
Sir Francis Drake becomes the first Englishman to sail around the world
1581
The northern provinces of the Netherlands declare independence
1592
The Japanese invade Korea

Timeline of
The New World
1600 - 1850

Page 62
The New World
1600

Page 63
1625

Page 64
The New World
1650

Page 65
1675

Page 66
The New World
1700

Page 67
1725

Page 68
The New World
1750

Page 69
1775

Page 70
The New World
1800

Page 71
1825

Page 72
The New World
Significant Dates to Consider for the New World Time Period:
1558
The reign of Elizabeth I (until 1603)
1564
The life of William Shakespeare – death 1616
1599
The Globe Theatre built in London
1600
The British East India Company is formed
1603
James I is king of England (until 1625)
1603
Samuel Champlain’s arrives in Canada
1603
The Tokugawa shoguns rule Japan (until 1867)
1606
Dutch explorers reach Australia
1607
The English build a settlement in Jamestown, Virginia
1607
Henry Hudson voyages to the northeast
1608
Quebec colony established in Canada
1613
The Romanov dynasty of Russia begins
1618
The Thirty Years’ War (until 1648)
1620
Arrival of the pilgrims in New England
1624
The Dutch settle in New Amsterdam (New York)
1625
Charles I is king of England
1630
Galileo Galilei proves that the Earth travels around the sun
1642
Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand
1643
Louis XIV is king of France (until 1715)
1644
The Manchu (Qing) dynasty rules in China (until 1912)
1648
The Republic of the United Netherlands is recognized by Spain
1648
Rebellion in Paris (until 1653)
1649
Parliament rules England (until 1653)
1660
Charles II is king of England (until 1685)
1660
Sir Isaac Newton discovers the laws of gravity
1661
Louis XIV regains control of France
1665
The Great Plague of London
1665
Charles II reigns as the last Spanish Habsburg king (until 1700)
1666
The Great Fire of London
1675
Christopher Wren begins to rebuild St. Paul’s Cathedral
1680
The peak of the slave trade (until 1780)
1682
Peter the Great is tsar of Russia (until 1725)
1685
Johann Sebastian Bach - death 1750
1687
Sir Isaac Newton publishes Principia Mathmatica
1689
William of Orange is ruler of the Netherlands and king of England (until 1702)
1689
Russians swap Siberian land for trade in China
1690
John Locke publishes Two Treatises of Government
1692
The Salem Witch Trials
1695
Russia fights the Ottoman empire (until 1706)

Page 73
1699
The French create the colony of Louisiana
1700
Russia fights Sweden (until 1721)
1701
The War of the Spanish Succession (until 1714)
1701
Frederick I is the first king of Prussia (until (1713)
1701
Jethro Tull invents seed drill for faster planting
1705
Edmund Halley predicts the return of Halley’s comet in 1758
1707
The decline of the Moguls in India
1712
St. Petersburg becomes the new capital of Russia
1721
Johann Sebastian Bach composes the Brandenburg Concertos
1733
The British have 13 American colonies
1735
Carl Linnaeus classifies plants and animals
1737
The Persians invade northwest India
1737
The life of Thomas Paine – death 1809
1740
Maria Theresa rules the Habsburg empire (until 1780)
1740
Frederick the Great is king of Prussia
1750
China invades Tibet and Turkestan
1752
Benjamin Franklin discovers electricity
1754
The French and Indian War in North America
1756
The Seven Years’ War (until 1763)
1757
Britain conquers major areas of India (until 1857)
1759
The British capture Quebec
1760
China invades Burma
1762
Catherine the Great is tsarina of Russia (until 1796)
1763
Treaty of Paris ends the Seven Years’ War
1768
Captain Cook leads three sea voyages to the South Seas (until 1779)
1770
Ludwig von Beethoven - death 1827
1770
Cook claims Australia for Britain
1773
The Boston Tea Party
1775
The Battle of Bunker Hill (American Revolution)
1776
The 13 American colonies declare independence from Britain
1777
France joins the Americans in their war against Britain
1780
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart plays for Empress Maria Theresa in Vienna
1781
British army surrenders at Yorktown
1782
James Watt invents a powerful steam engine
1787
The American Constitution is written
1789
George Washington becomes the first president of the United States
1789
The Bastille in Paris is overtaken by revolutionaries
1791
Thomas Paine writes The Rights of Man
1791
Bill of Rights is adopted
1791
Slaves revolt in Santo Domingo
1792
Denmark stops its slave trade
1793
Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are executed

Page 74
The New World
1793
The Reign of Terror in France (until 1794)
1794
Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin
1799
Napoleon takes control of France
1803
The Louisiana Purchase
1804
Slavery is made illegal in the northern United States
1805
Napoleon conquers most of western Europe (until 1812)
1805
The Battle of Trafalgar, October 21st
1805
Lewis and Clark reach the Pacific
1807
Robert Fulton’s steamboat makes its first trip
1807
Abolition of slavery in England
1812
Napoleon invades Russia but is forced back
1812
The War of 1812 (until 1814)
1812
The birth of writer Charles Dickens - death 1870
1815
The Battle of Waterloo, June 18th
1815
Napoleon is imprisoned on the island of St. Helena until his death in 1821
1816
Simon Bolivar helps many South American states achieve their independence
1819
Spain gives Florida to the United States
1820
Britain claims the South African Cape Colony
1821
Mexico declares independence
1824
Mexico becomes a republic
1825
Bolivar creates the country of Bolivia
1827
Greece becomes an independent country
1830
All of the South American colonies are independent
1831
Nat Turner’s Revolt
1833
Great Britain passes the Act of Emancipation
1835
The birth of Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) - death 1910
1835
The Great Trek of the Boers
1836
The Battle of the Alamo
1839
The Opium War in China (until 1842)
1840
The birth of painter Claude Monet - death 1926
1840
The British take control of New Zealand
1841
David Livingstone begins to explore Africa
1843
Santa Ann becomes dictator of Mexico
1846
The Mexican-American War (until 1848)
1848
Gold is discovered in California

Timeline
of
the Modern
World
1850 - the Present

Page 76
The Modern World
1850

Page 77
P ge 77
1860

Page 78
The Modern World
1870

Page 79
P ge 79
1880

Page 80
The Modern World
1890

Page 81
P ge 81
1900

Page 82
The Modern World
1910

Page 83
P ge 83
1920

Page 84
The Modern World
1930

Page 85
P ge 85
1940

Page 86
The Modern World
1950

Page 87
P ge 87
1960

Page 88
The Modern World
1970

Page 89
P ge 89
1980

Page 90
The Modern World
1990

Page 91
P ge 91
2000

Page 92
The Modern World
2005

Page 93
P ge 93
2010

Page 94
The Modern World
2015

Page 95
P ge 95
2020

Page 96
Significant Dates to Consider for the Modern Time Period:
1845
Potato blight in Ireland causes widespread famine
1850
The Taiping Rebellion in China (until 1864)
1851
The Great Exhibition (Britain)
1851
Gold Rush starts in New South Wales (Australia)
1852
Napoleon III becomes emperor of France
1853
The Crimean War between Russia and Turkey (until 1856)
1854
Japan signs a trading agreement with the United States
1857
The Indian Mutiny (until 1858)
1857
The last Mogul Emperor gives up his throne
1858
The British government takes control of India
1860
Abraham Lincoln becomes President of the United States
1860
Native Americans fight the US army for their land (until 1890)
1861
The Italian states join together to form Italy
1861
Civil War breaks out in the United States
1863
The Battle of Gettysburg
1865
Slavery is make illegal throughout the United States
1865
The Civil War ends
1865
Abraham Lincoln is assassinated
1865
George Pullman invents the railroad sleeping car
1867
Nobel invents dynamite
1869
The birth of Mahatma Gandhi – death 1948
1869
The Suez Canal is completed
1869
Jules Verne writes 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea
1871
Germany is united under Wilhelm I
1875
First telephone call made by Alexander Graham Bell
1876
The Battle of Little Bighorn (United States)
1879
Thomas Edison demonstrates the electric light bulb
1882
British occupy Egypt the protect the Suez Canal
1884
European leaders meet to divide Africa between them
1888
Slavery ends in the Americas
1888
George Eastman’s Kodak box camera makes photography available to all
1889
The Eiffel Tower built in Paris
1890
The Native Americans are defeated at the Battle of Wounded Knee
1893
New Zealand becomes the first country to grant women the right to vote
1894
Japan fights China (until 1895)
1894
Nicholas II becomes tsar of Russia
1900
The Boxer Rebellion in China
1901
Commonwealth of Australia declared
1902
The British defeat the Boers
The Modern World

Page 97
1903
Orville and Wilbur Wright make their first powered flight
1904
Japan fights Russia (until 1905)
1905
The Treaty of Portsmouth – Japan controls Korea
1907
New Zealand becomes a dominion within the British Empire
1908
Henry Ford produces Model T automobiles using an assembly line
1911
The Kuomintang starts a revolution in China
1912
The first Balkan War (2nd in 1913)
1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand is murdered
1914
Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
1914
The Germans are defeated by the Allies at the Battle of the Marne
1917
The United States joins the First World War
1917
Riots break out in Petrograd and the tsar gives up his throne
1917
The Bolsheviks in Russia seize power
1918
The last Habsburg emperor gives up his throne
1918
The end of WWI
1918
Civil war in Russia (until 1921)
1918
Tsar Nicholas II and his family are shot by a group of Communists
1919
Benito Mussolini sets up the Fascist Party in Italy
1920
The Prohibition goes into effect in the United States (until 1933)
1920
The first radio stations are set up in the United States
1921
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (better known as Lenin) controls Russia
1921
Albert Einstein wins the Nobel Prize for Physics (1879 – 1955)
1922
Russia is renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)
1922
Mussolini comes to power
1924
The death of Lenin
1928
Josef Stalin takes control of Russia
1929
The Wall Street stock market crashes
1929
The Great Depression (until 1939)
1932
Franklin D. Roosevelt becomes President
1933
Roosevelt launches the New Deal
1933
Adolf Hitler becomes chancellor of Germany
1934
Stalin’s purges begin
1934
The Long March (until 1935)
1934
Hitler takes complete control of Germany as Führer
1937
Frank Whittle designs the first jet engine
1938
Kristallnacht – Nazis attack thousands of Jewish homes, shops and synagogues
1939
Britain and France declare war on Germany
1940
Hitler occupies most of western Europe
1940
The Battle of Britain
1941
Germany invades the Soviet Union
1941
Japan attacks US ships at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
1944
The Allies land in France (D-Day)

Page 98
1945
Adolf Hitler commits suicide
1945
Germany surrenders
1945
Hiroshima is destroyed by an atomic bomb
1945
The end of WWII
1945
The United Nations is formed to encourage world peace and protect rights
1947
India becomes independent
1948
Israel becomes a country
1949
Mao Zedong sets up the People’s Republic of China
1949
NATO is formed – Germany is divided into East and West
1949
Apartheid is introduced in South Africa
1950
The Korean War (until 1953)
1953
Soviet Communist leader Josef Stalin dies
1954
The Vietnam War (until 1973)
1955
The Warsaw Pact is signed
1957
Sputnik 1, the first satellite, is launched
1958
Jack Kilby invents the first computer microchip
1961
The Berlin Wall is built
1961
Yuri Gagarin is the first person in space
1962
The Cuban Missile Crisis
1964
Palestinians form the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO)
1964
Civil rights laws are passed in the United States
1965
Rhodesia becomes independent (renamed Zimbabwe in 1980)
1966
Mao Zedong starts the Cultural Revolution
1969
Apollo 11 reaches the moon – Neil Armstrong walks on the moon
1971
E. Pakistan breaks away from W. Pakistan and is renamed Bangladesh
1971
The Soviets launch the world’s first space station, Salyut 1
1975
The first small home computer is sold
1976
Mao Zedong dies
1979
Revolution in Iran
1979
The Soviet Union invades Afghanistan
1980
Most African states gain independence
1980
Iran – Iraq War (until 1988)
1981
The space shuttle makes its first flight
1981
The first PC is produced by IBM
1985
Mikhail Gorbachev becomes the leader of the Soviet Union
1986
The space shuttle Challenger explodes after lift-off
1989
East Germans cross the Berlin Wall
1989
Massacre in Tiananmen Square in Beijing, China
1989
British scientist Tim Berners-Lee creates the World Wide Web
1990
Hubble Telescope launched into space
1990
Iraq invades Kuwait
1990
East and West Germany become united
The Modern World

Page 99
1990
Apartheid ends in South Africa
1991
The Gulf War
1991
The Cold War ends
1991
The Soviet Union becomes divided
1998
The first two parts of the International Space Station link up
2001
9-11 – hijacked planes crash deliberately into the World Trade Center
2003
Saddam Hussein captured by US troops in Iraq (December)

Page 100
b My Notes d

Page 101
b My Notes d

Page 102
b My Notes d

Page 103
b My Notes d

Page 104
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