GLOBALMANIA
Master World
Geography
in just 7
Months
by Terri Johnson
© 2012 Terri Johnson, Knowledge Quest, Inc.
This ebook is for educational and inspirational purposes only. The author makes no promises nor guarantees as to your success or the suc-
cesses of your students. The author claims no responsibility for inactive links or updated information. This ebook is intended to be shared
and distributed freely. Please feel free to pass on a copy in its entirety to friends, family and associates. If you received a damaged or altered
copy of this ebook and would like a new copy, visit our website at www.knowledgequestmaps/Globalmania.html for a free download.

Help Your Students
Master World Geography in Just 7 Months
By Terri Johnson
Are you ever surprised by how little geography most kids know these days? Are you
surprised by how little geography you learned yourself back when you were in school?
American students, in general, have a very limited understanding of world geography in
comparison with students from around the world. European students, for example, have a
much better handle not only of their own surrounding geography but of the entire world as
well. It is the same with students from many parts of Asia and other regions of the world.
Perhaps you are thinking that I am only referring to public school students. But in reality,
homeschooling students often suffer from a lack of knowledge in this subject area as well.
The two subjects most neglected in the homeschooling arena are writing and geography.
Why is this so? Skill areas, such as math, grammar and spelling are easier to measure
than the artful skill of writing and so it gets pushed aside. Similarly, history and science
require such large portions of time that the pursuit of geographical knowledge is often left
out in the cold.
Since writing is not my expertise, we’ll just tackle the subject of geography here in this
short, but effective, ebook. How can we beef up our children’s knowledge of geography in a
way that will not require too much time or proficiency on our part as parents and teachers?
Further, how can we introduce or accelerate this subject in a way that will be enjoyable,
even painless, for our students as well as for ourselves?
Here is my seven month plan that will help you help your students master world and U.S.
geography is just seven months. Think I’m crazy? Follow this step-by-step program and
take my challenge over the course of the next seven month time period (note: this can run
into or through the summer months as your kids will not consider this “school work”). If
your students have not improved drastically in their knowledge of geography, please write to
me and tell me that I am off my rocker and that it doesn’t work. Here is my email address
terri@kqpublishing.org. On the contrary, if you do see dramatic improvement,
even mastery, in the subject of world and U.S. geography, write to me at the above address
also. I would like to celebrate with you in this wonderful accomplishment!
Let’s dive in… We will divide our program into seven 1-month increments. This is the only
part of this program where you will need to make a decision. Each of the seven months,
your student/s will study a different continent or geographical area and you get to decide
the order in which these will be tackled. Here are the seven geographical areas:
Asia
Africa
Europe
United States
North America
South America
Australasia/Antarctica

Globalmania - Master World Geography in Just 7 Months
3
Each month will now be broken down into four weeks. If you end up with a fifth week in
your month, just consider it review day and have some extra fun in that geographical zone.
Pick one day of the week that will work best for spending some time with geography. For
us, Fridays work best because they are more of a catch-all day. This day of the week is a
bit more relaxed for us with less time constraints. You choose the day that will work best
for your family and then allow your student 30 - 45 minutes, or even up to an hour, for
geography fun.
Note: This course of study requires that you have a computer and an internet connection
available to you. If you do not have this at home, you may want to choose your library day
for your geography studies so that you can take advantage of the internet connection there.
Or perhaps you can visit a relative’s home that does have an internet connection. Most of
our society now has access to the internet, but if this is not an option for you, then you may
want to choose a different program for your children.
With that said, we will lay out our course of study for the 4 or 5 days out of the month that
your children will work on increasing their geography knowledge.
Month 1: Week 1:
This is the day that we determine the baseline of each student’s current knowledge in this
particular geographical region (whichever part of the world that you have chosen for this
month – see list above). Before you get started with your kids, however, there are two
things I want you to do first. The first order of business is to download a great geography
game from the internet that is completely free and very fun to play. It is located here -
http://www.seterra.net/. The software download is for windows-only. If you are using a
Mac, play the online version here - www.wartoft.nu/software/seterra/mac.aspx.
Once the game is downloaded onto your computer, click the icon that reads Seterra 4.0 to
begin the game (version number may be higher). Select the language that you speak and
click OK. Select the region of the country that you are working on this month and press the
START button. We will focus on the subject areas of Countries, Capitals and Cities.
Now is the time to set the baseline for your own knowledge and familiarize yourself with the
game. Choose Countries and click the START button. A map will load for the region that
you chose and a country name will appear at the very top. Click the location on the map
where you believe that country exists. If you choose the correct location, the map region
will turn white. If you get it on the second try, it will turn a pale yellow. If you choose the
correct location on the third try, the country will turn a darker yellow. If you do not choose
the correct location on this turn, the country will brighten to a light green. Click on it now
and it will change to the color red. Continue to identify the countries as best as you can
until the quiz is completed. Seterra will give you a score for this round with a place to type
in your name. Type it in and then continue to test your knowledge in the Capitals and then
the Cities.
Now determine a baseline for your children. Have them complete the same quizzes and
mark their levels by typing in their names at the end of the rounds. Now, your kids can
continue to play these games to gain higher scores to beat their previous scores and more
significantly, YOU. They will have a lot of fun doing this. Don’t feel bad if they pass you
by very quickly, that’s what you are aiming for. Besides, you can play later once they
lose interest in the game and increase your scores ideally to 100% with just a little bit of
practice.

Globalmania - Master World Geography in Just 7 Months
4
Week 2:
Choose two or three additional online games for your students to play that will test their
knowledge of geography in that same region. Remember, you are concentrating for one
whole month on just one area of the world. It may be tempting for your students to want
to switch to another region of the world when they feel like they have a good handle on
the area that you have chosen for them this month, but try to keep them focused on this
one large section of the world so that they gain even more knowledge and expertise in this
location.
Here are some additional online games to choose from. There are eight websites listed
here, but remember to just pick two or three for this week.
1. Sheppard Software has provided many free and fun to play geography games at their
website - http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/Geography.htm. There are various levels of
play so that your beginners and advanced students alike can find something to hold their
interest. You do need to have Flash Player 6 or higher on your computer to be able to play
these games, but no other downloading is necessary. The instructions are minimal, so it
takes a few minutes to get the hang of the games in some instances (or at least it did for
me!). Also, they do have other games across the curriculum, so feel free to check out their
science and vocabulary games as well – plus many others!
2. If you or your children like puzzles, then you will love this website! At this website
- http://www.yourchildlearns.com/geography.htm - you can either play with the on-
line puzzle maps, or you can download them to your own computer. If you would rather
not download them, here is the direct link to the online map puzzles - http://www.
yourchildlearns.com/map-puzzles.htm. These are a lot of fun and a great learning tool for
kids of all ages (yes, even adults!).
3. Take National Geographic’s Geography Bee quiz! These questions can be fairly tough,
but you get a second and even third chance to get them right (there are only 3 choices
per question) thereby allowing you to KNOW the answer, which you are unlikely to forget.
Also, the questions are new every day, so you can play every day and get new questions to
answer. Very fun! Here’s the website - http://www.nationalgeographic.com/geobee
4. Test your knowledge of world or regional geography with this fun quiz at http://
www.lizardpoint.com/fun/geoquiz/. A great aspect of this game is that children can see
improvement quickly, even by their second round at the same quiz. Builds confidence and
knowledge!
5. This quiz site - http://www.ilike2learn.com/ilike2learn/geography.asp - allows you to not
only learn about the countries and capitals of the world, but also the mountains and bodies
of water. If you need a hint, or the answer, it comes in the form of a pop-up, so you may
need to disable your pop-up blocker. This site seems to add new games frequently. Great
learning tool!
6. This quiz site - http://www.garyradley.com/games - has both “find” games and “quiz”
games giving your students a well-rounded familiarity with the countries of the world. My
only trouble with these particular games was that it was sometimes difficult to click on the
correct country because the hand spread over more than one country area. But overall, this
is a great site to round out your online geography games.

Globalmania - Master World Geography in Just 7 Months
5
Week 3:
This week, you will need to print some maps for your students to label and color. These
maps have been provided for you at the end of this ebook. Print the maps that have been
included for the region that you are studying during this month. Print a teacher’s answer
map for yourself and a blank map for each of your children. Ask them to label each of the
country and city names that they can remember. They may freeze up and not remember
very much. Do not worry about this. Have them leave their unfinished maps, play another
two or three of the online games listed above. After 30 minutes or so, have them come
back to their map and see how much more information they can add to it. Again, I wouldn’t
ask them to complete everything if they are unsure of the answers. You will come back
to this later. They may be encouraged to color their map if this is an enjoyable activity
for them. If not, don’t push it. The goal here is to learn geography, not press through a
coloring exercise they don’t enjoy.
Note: If you have young students who can read well, but struggle with the manual effort
of handwriting, you may certainly have them dictate the locations to you. Again, we
are learning geography here, not doing a handwriting lesson (unless, of course, you are
combining your skill areas). Your judgment should advise you about how much handwriting
your children are capable of accomplishing in a given day.
Week 4:
Now that your students have a good handle on the geography of the region you are
studying, it’s time to test that knowledge and skill in games against other players. Here are
a couple of websites where your kids can play with other players online. You do not have
to use your real name or identity. In fact, I would suggest that you do not, but do give
yourself a name you will recognize. Be creative when giving yourself or your students a
user name. It can be part of the fun. Allow your students some time to play these games
as they compete against fellow geography enthusiasts and increase their scores.
1. Here is a great quiz site - http://www.actionquiz.com/quiz.php?trivia=geography. Here
you can play against other kids and teachers and see if you can win. You do not have to
use your real name (no reason to, so don’t!) and the game uses a pop-up window. So, if
your computer blocks pop-ups, you either have to disable that feature to play, or if you get
a message that allows you to open the pop-up, you can go about it that way. Warning: this
is a fun game to play and rather addicting. After playing five times against some strong
opponents, I finally won! Also, these quizzes also include flag symbols. You may want to
learn the flags for the countries before playing this game. You can use the Seterra game on
your computer to help you learn these.
2. This website - http://www.geosense.net - also allows you to play alone of against
another player. You are asked to not only identify countries of the world but cities as well.
It is quite challenging and also very addicting. I played six rounds against my opponent
and only won twice (and I thought I knew my geography like the back of my hand – reality
check!). If you do not mind that your scores are not recorded in their log, you can play as
a guest. Or create a login ID to keep track of your scores and establish an identity at this
site.
When your students can compete against other players and win consistently (or even half
the time), they are ready to move onto the next region of the world, which you will do
starting next week unless you have a “fifth” week in your month.

Globalmania - Master World Geography in Just 7 Months
6
Also, this week, have your kids color in and label the geographical portion of the world
that they have worked diligently on this past month. You can do this on a regular sized
world outline map (included for you on page 8) or on a wall sized outline map. When
your students work on wall maps, they can complete this exercise together rather than
individually for a fun change of pace.
Week 5:
If you happen to get a 5th week in your month, you will want to use this extra day for
reviewing all of the areas of the world that you have studied so far. See the suggestions
listed under Months 8,9 and Beyond and utilize these activities or go back and review the
area by continuing to play the games listed above.
Months 2-7:
Continue the course of study outlined under month 1, choosing a different region of the
world from the list on page 2.
Months 8, 9 and beyond:
Well, you and your students did it. You completed the 7 month geography challenge! How
did you do? Are you pleased with the results? And you may be wondering, what now?
Well, I have some suggestions…
The Road to the White House – This game not only teaches about the electoral college, but
also familiarizes the students with the placement of the 50 states. Read more about the
game here – /The-Road-to-the-White-House.html.
Memorize the Capitals of the United States (if this is your homeland) using books such as Yo
Sacramento! or by visiting the various websites listed below:
For state capital hangman and state capital quizzes, visit http://sf.factmonster.com/states.
html#games
For matching games and concentration, this is a good site - http://www.quia.com/
custom/4main.html
For multiple choice matching games, click here http://www.funbrain.com/where/index.html
You decide how many capitals you want to match with this game - http://www.
schoolexpress.com/funtime/states_capitals/capitals_how_many.php?name=Capitals

Globalmania - Master World Geography in Just 7 Months
7
Find more fun and engaging geography products at Knowledge Quest’s
website, such as:

Globalmania - Master World Geography in Just 7 Months
8
World and
Continent
MAPS
(labeled & unlabeled)

CANADA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
MEXICO
CUBA
JAMAICA
BELIZE
DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC
HAITI
PUERTO RICO
GUATEMALA
COSTA RICA
NICARAGUA
HONDURAS
EL SALVADOR
PANAMA
COLOMBIA
VENEZUELA
TRINIDAD &
TOBAGO
GUY
ANA
SURINA
M
FRENCH GUIANA
ECUADOR
BRAZIL
PERU
BOLIVIA
PARAGUAY
ARGENTINA
URUGUAY
CHILE
FALKLAND/MALVINAS
ISLANDS
FIJI
GREENLAND
ICELAND
NORWAY
SWEDEN
FINLAND
DENMARK
UNITED
KINGDOM
IRELAND
FRANCE
BELGIUM
NETHERLANDS
LUXEMBOURG
GERMANY
ESTONIA
LATVIA
LITHUANIA
RUSSIA
POLAND
BELARUS
UKRAINE
SPAIN
PORTUGAL
CZECH
REP.
AUSTRIA
SWITZERLAND
ITALY
SLOVENIA
CROATIA
SLOVAKIA
HUNGARY
YUGOSLAVIA
BULGARIA
ROMANIA
MOLDOVA
ALBANIA
GREECE
TURKEY
CYPRUS
MOROCCO
WESTERN
SAHARA
ALGERIA
LIBYA
TUNISIA
MAURITANIA
SENEGAL
GAMBIA
GUINEA-BISSAU
GUINEA
SIERRA LEONE
LIBERIA
MALI
BURKINA
FASO
IVORY
COAST
TOGOBENIN
NIGERIA
NIGER
CHAD
EGYPT
SUDAN
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA
CENTRAL
AFRICAN
REPUBLIC
CAMEROON
EQUATORIAL
GUINEA
GABON
CONGO
ZAIRE
RWANDA
BURUNDI
UGANDA
KENYA
SOMALIA
ANGOLA
NAMIBIA
ZAMBIA
TANZANIA
MALAWI
ZIMBABWE
BOTSWANA
MOZAMBIQUE
MADAGASCAR
SWAZILAND
LESOTHO
SOUTH AFRICA
MAURITIUS
RÉUNION
GEORGIA
ARMENIA AZERBAIJAN
SYRIA
LEBANON
ISRAEL
JORDAN
IRAQ
IRAN
SAUDI
ARABIA
QATAR
UNITED
ARAB
EMIRATES
OMAN
YEMEN
AFGHANISTAN
PAKISTAN
TURKMENISTAN
UZBEKISTAN
KYRGYZSTAN
TAJIKISTAN
KAZAKHSTAN
SRI
LANKA
NEPAL
BHUTAN
BANGLADESH
BURMA
LAOS
THAILAND
CAMBODIA
VIETNAM
MALAYSIA
BRUNEI
PHILIPPINES
TAIWAN
INDONESIA
PAPUA
NEW
GUINEA
SOLOMON
ISLANDS
FIJI
VANUATU
NEW CALEDONIA
AUSTRALIA
NEW
ZEALAND
RUSSIA
MONGOLIA
NORTH
KOREA
SOUTH KOREA
JAPAN
CHINA
HONG KONG
ANDORRA
BOSNIA
-HERZEGOVINA
BAHAMAS
GHANA
MACEDONIA
ANTARCTICA
INDIA
NEW
ZEALAND
Ganges
N
ile
Volga
M
issour i
Amaz on
M
ac k
enzie
Y uk
on
B ac
k
Negro
P
ar
aná
Xingu
M
adeir
a
São F
rancisc
o
Or inoco
Kasai
N
ig er
W
hite N
ile
Huang He
Irra
w
addy
Y
enise
y
O
b’
Irtys h
O
b’
T
obol
Ishim
Y
enise
y
Angar a
Lena
A ld an
Lena
K olyma
D
on
Dnepr
Uele
Ural
Congo
I n
d
u
s
D
v
in
a
N
izhnyaya Tunguska
I
n
d
ig
i r
k a
C
h
an
g
Jiang
A
rk
a nsas
Co
lo
ra
d
o
M
ississ
ip
p
i
Rio
Grande
Co
lu
m
b
ia
Orange
GALAPAGOS
ISLANDS
North I.
South I.
Newfoundland
South Georgia
W E S
T
I
N
D
I
E
S
CANARY
ISLANDS
E
A
S
T
I
N
D
I
E
S
M
E
L
A
N
E
S
I
A
A L E U T I AN ISLANDS
A L E U T I AN ISLANDS
North I.
South I.
S V A L B A R D
ZEMLYA FRANTSA IOSIFA
N
o
v
a
y
a
Z e ml y a
SEVERNAYA ZEM
LY A
NOVOSIBIRSKIVE
OSTROVO
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
Norwegian Sea
North Sea
Black Sea
R
ed S
ea
Gulf of
Guinea
Aral
Sea
Hudson Bay
Gulf of Mexico
Sea of
Okhotsk
Bering Sea
Sea of
Japan
East
China Sea
Yellow
Sea
Bay of
Bengal
South
China
Sea
Celebes
Sea
Coral Sea
T a s m a n S e a
B a n B a y
C a
r i bb e an S ea
M
o
za
m
b
iq
u
e
C
h
an
n
el
Gulf of Aden
M e d it e
r r a
ne a n S e a
C
a
sp
ia
n
S
e
a
D
e n
m
a rk
Strai t
P
h
i
l
i
p
p
i
n
e
S
e
a
ARCTIC OCEAN
ARCTIC OCEAN
B
er
ing S
tr
ait
Barents Sea
Kara Sea
Laptev Sea
East
Siberian
Sea
Chukchi
Sea
Chukchi
Sea
Beaufort
Sea
Bering Sea
B
er
ing S
tr
ait
Gulf of
Alaska
D
a
v
is
S
t
r a
i t
P
A
C
I
F
I
C
O
C
E
A
N
N O R T H
A T L A N T I C
O C E A N
S O U T H
A T L A N T I C
O C E A N
I N D I A N
O C E A N
P
A
C
I
F
I
C
O
C
E
A
N
ARCTIC OCEAN
Baltic
Se
a
CA UCASUS MTNS
.
ANATOLIAN PLATEAU
ETHIOPIAN
HIGHLANDS
Arabian
Sea
TURANIAN
PLATEAU
Lappland
Qattara
Depression
S
a
h
a
r
a
Congo
Basin
L. Chad
L. Victoria
L. Tanganyika
L. Nyasa
Kilimanjaro
GUINEA
PLATEAU
Kalahari
Desert
Cape of Good Hope
Cabo Falso
Great
Bear
Lake
Great Slave
Lake
L. Winnipeg
L. Superior
Laurentian
Plateau
Mt. McKinley
Mt. Rainier
Aconcagua
Cape Horn
C E N T R A L
S I B E R I A N
P L A T E A U
PLATEAU
O F T I B E T
S i b e r i a n
L o w l a n d
Kolyma
Lowland
Gobi
Desert
Manchurian
Plain
D e c c a n
Great Sandy
Desert
Lake
Eyre
Basin
Mt. Everest
Mt. Cook
Lake Balkhash
BROOKS RANGE
R
O
C
K
Y
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
G
r
e
a
t
P
l
a
i
n
s
THE GREAT LAKES
S
IE
R
R
A
M
A
D
R E
G UIANA HIGHLAND S
A m a z o n B a si n
A
N
D
E
A
N
D
E
S
B
R
A
Z
IL
IA
N
H
IG
H
L
A
N
D
S
P
a
m
p
a
DRAKEN
SB
ER
G
AT
LA
S M
TNS.
ZAGROS
M
TN
S.
HIN
DU
KUSH
A
L P
S
U
R
A
L
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
AL
T
AI
SAYAN MTNS.
TIEN SHAN
Lake Baykal
K U N LA N S H A N
Tarim Basin
H
I M
A L AY A
Great
Basin
G
R
E
A
T
D
IV
ID
IN
G
R
A
N
G
E
Mt. Cook
Antarctic
Peninsula
A L A S K A
Caracas
Bogotá
La Paz
Rio de Janeiro
Buenos Aires
Santiago
Havana
Mexico City
Los Angeles
San Francisco
New Orleans
Houston
New York
Montreal
São Paulo
Montevideo
Lima
Brasília
Melbourne
Sydney
Perth
Lagos
Kinshasa
Nairobi
Cape Town
Harare
London
Paris
Madrid
Algiers
Cairo
Istanbul
Berlin
Stockholm
Moscow
Mumbai
(Bombay)
Kolkata
(Calcutta)
Irkutsk
Kuwait
Jeddah
Karachi
Delhi
Tehran
Novosibirsk
Tashkent
Rostov
Shanghai
Singapore
Bangkok
Hong Kong
Manila
Tokyo
Beijing
Khabarovsk
Belém
Medellín
Salvador
Cali
Pôrto Alegre
Recife
Belo Horizonte
Monterrey
Guadalajara
Managua
Adelaide
Brisbane
Canberra
Auckland
Christchurch
Hobart
Auckland
Christchurch
Oslo
Helsinki
Copenhagen
Luanda
Cordoba
Durban
Alexandria
Tripoli
T’ai-pei
Wuhan
Tianjin
Shenyang
Seoul
Pusan
Cassablanca
Rabat
Lisbon
Barcelona
Chennai (Madras)
Hyderabad
Koramangala
(Bangalore)
Lahore
Ho Chi Minh
Kuala Lumpur
Johannesburg
Tunis
Rome
Khartoum
Addis Ababa
Dar es Salaam
San Juan
Miami
Baghdad
Quebec
Ottawa
Toronto
Winnipeg
Detroit
Boston
Vancouver
Calgary
Portland
Dallas
Washington DC
Chicago
St Louis
Minneapolis
Phoenix
Philadelphia
Atlanta
San Diego
Sapporo
Osaka
St Peterburg
Volgograd
Kazan
Omsk
Yakutsk
Ulaanbaatar
Hanoi
Colombo
Reykjavik
Dublin
160
120
80
40
0
40
80
120
160
80
Arctic Circle
40
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Capricorn
0
40
Antarctic Circle
80
Arctic Circle
40
Tropic of Cancer †
Tropic of Capricorn
0
40
Antarctic Circle
160
120
80
40
0
40
80
160
80
80
120
0
1000
2000
3000
4000 Miles
0
1000
2000
3000
6000 Kilometres
4000
5000
WORLD MAP
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

CANADA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
MEXICO
CUBA
JAMAICA
BELIZE
DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC
HAITI
PUERTO RICO
GUATEMALA
COSTA RICA
NICARAGUA
HONDURAS
EL SALVADOR
PANAMA
COLOMBIA
VENEZUELA
TRINIDAD &
TOBAGO
GUY
ANA
SURINA
M
FRENCH GUIANA
ECUADOR
BRAZIL
PERU
BOLIVIA
PARAGUAY
ARGENTINA
URUGUAY
CHILE
FALKLAND/MALVINAS
ISLANDS
FIJI
GREENLAND
ICELAND
NORWAY
SWEDEN
FINLAND
DENMARK
UNITED
KINGDOM
IRELAND
FRANCE
BELGIUM
NETHERLANDS
LUXEMBOURG
GERMANY
ESTONIA
LATVIA
LITHUANIA
RUSSIA
POLANDBELARUS
UKRAINE
SPAIN
PORTUGAL
CZECH
REP.
AUSTRIA
SWITZERLAND
ITALY
SLOVENIA
CROATIA
SLOVAKIA
HUNGARY
YUGOSLAVIA
BULGARIA
ROMANIA
MOLDOVA
ALBANIA
GREECE
TURKEY
CYPRUS
MOROCCO
WESTERN
SAHARA
ALGERIA
LIBYA
TUNISIA
MAURITANIA
SENEGAL
GAMBIA
GUINEA-BISSAU
GUINEA
SIERRA LEONE
LIBERIA
MALI
BURKINA
FASO
IVORY
COAST
TOGOBENIN
NIGERIA
NIGER
CHAD
EGYPT
SUDAN
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA
CENTRAL
AFRICAN
REPUBLIC
CAMEROON
EQUATORIAL
GUINEA
GABON
CONGO
ZAIRE
RWANDA
BURUNDI
UGANDA
KENYA
SOMALIA
ANGOLA
NAMIBIA
ZAMBIA
TANZANIA
MALAWI
ZIMBABWE
BOTSWANA
MOZAMBIQUE
MADAGASCAR
SWAZILAND
LESOTHO
SOUTH AFRICA
MAURITIUS
RÉUNION
GEORGIA
ARMENIA AZERBAIJAN
SYRIA
LEBANON
ISRAEL
JORDAN
IRAQ
IRAN
SAUDI
ARABIA
QATAR
UNITED
ARAB
EMIRATES
OMAN
YEMEN
AFGHANISTAN
PAKISTAN
TURKMENISTAN
UZBEKISTAN
KYRGYZSTAN
TAJIKISTAN
KAZAKHSTAN
SRI
LANKA
NEPAL
BHUTAN
BANGLADESH
BURMA
LAOS
THAILAND
CAMBODIA
VIETNAM
MALAYSIA
BRUNEI
PHILIPPINES
TAIWAN
INDONESIA
PAPUA
NEW
GUINEA
SOLOMON
ISLANDS
FIJI
VANUATU
NEW CALEDONIA
AUSTRALIA
NEW
ZEALAND
RUSSIA
MONGOLIA
NORTH
KOREA
SOUTH KOREA
JAPAN
CHINA
HONG KONG
ANDORRA
BOSNIA
-HERZEGOVINA
BAHAMAS
GHANA
MACEDONIA
ANTARCTICA
INDIA
NEW
ZEALAND
Ganges
N
ile
Volga
M
issour i
Amaz on
M
ac k
enzie
Y uk
on
B ac
k
Negro
P
ar
aná
Xingu
M
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São F
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Or inoco
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N
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W
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ile
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w
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Y
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O
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Irtys h
O
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Y
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Lena
A ld an
Lena
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D
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Dnepr
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Congo
I n
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D
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a
N
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I
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d
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C
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A
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Co
lo
ra
d
o
M
ississ
ip
p
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Rio
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Co
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m
b
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Orange
GALAPAGOS
ISLANDS
North I.
South I.
Newfoundland
South Georgia
W E S
T
I
N
D
I
E
S
CANARY
ISLANDS
E
A
S
T
I
N
D
I
E
S
M
E
L
A
N
E
S
I
A
A L E U T I AN ISLANDS
A L E U T I AN ISLANDS
North I.
South I.
S V A L B A R D
ZEMLYA FRANTSA IOSIFA
N
o
v
a
y
a
Z e ml y a
SEVERNAYA ZEM
LY A
NOVOSIBIRSKIVE
OSTROVO
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
Norwegian Sea
North Sea
Black Sea
R
ed S
ea
Gulf of
Guinea
Aral
Sea
Hudson Bay
Gulf of Mexico
Sea of
Okhotsk
Bering Sea
Sea of
Japan
East
China Sea
Yellow
Sea
Bay of
Bengal
South
China
Sea
Celebes
Sea
Coral Sea
T a s m a n S e a
B a n B a y
C a
r i bb e an S ea
M
o
za
m
b
iq
u
e
C
h
an
n
el
Gulf of Aden
M e d it e
r r a
ne a n S e a
C
a
sp
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n
S
e
a
D
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m
a rk
Strai t
P
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l
i
p
p
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n
e
S
e
a
ARCTIC OCEAN
ARCTIC OCEAN
B
er
ing S
tr
ait
Barents Sea
Kara Sea
Laptev Sea
East
Siberian
Sea
Chukchi
Sea
Chukchi
Sea
Beaufort
Sea
Bering Sea
B
er
ing S
tr
ait
Gulf of
Alaska
D
a
v
is
S
t
r a
i t
P
A
C
I
F
I
C
O
C
E
A
N
N O R T H
A T L A N T I C
O C E A N
S O U T H
A T L A N T I C
O C E A N
I N D I A N
O C E A N
P
A
C
I
F
I
C
O
C
E
A
N
ARCTIC OCEAN
Baltic
Se
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CA UCASUS MTNS
.
ANATOLIAN PLATEAU
ETHIOPIAN
HIGHLANDS
Arabian
Sea
TURANIAN
PLATEAU
Lappland
Qattara
Depression
S
a
h
a
r
a
Congo
Basin
L. Chad
L. Victoria
L. Tanganyika
L. Nyasa
Kilimanjaro
GUINEA
PLATEAU
Kalahari
Desert
Cape of Good Hope
Cabo Falso
Great
Bear
Lake
Great Slave
Lake
L. Winnipeg
L. Superior
Laurentian
Plateau
Mt. McKinley
Mt. Rainier
Aconcagua
Cape Horn
C E N T R A L
S I B E R I A N
P L A T E A U
PLATEAU
O F T I B E T
S i b e r i a n
L o w l a n d
Kolyma
Lowland
Gobi
Desert
Manchurian
Plain
D e c c a n
Great Sandy
Desert
Lake
Eyre
Basin
Mt. Everest
Mt. Cook
Lake Balkhash
BROOKS RANGE
R
O
C
K
Y
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
G
r
e
a
t
P
l
a
i
n
s
THE GREAT LAKES
S
IE
R
R
A
M
A
D
R E
G UIANA HIGHLAND S
A m a z o n B a si n
A
N
D
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A
N
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p
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M
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U
N
T
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I
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S
AL
T
AI
SAYAN MTNS.
TIEN SHAN
Lake Baykal
K U N LA N S H A N
Tarim Basin
H
I M
A L AY A
Great
Basin
G
R
E
A
T
D
IV
ID
IN
G
R
A
N
G
E
Mt. Cook
Antarctic
Peninsula
A L A S K A
Caracas
Bogotá
La Paz
Rio de Janeiro
Buenos Aires
Santiago
Havana
Mexico City
Los Angeles
San Francisco
New Orleans
Houston
New York
Montreal
São Paulo
Montevideo
Lima
Brasília
Melbourne
Sydney
Perth
Lagos
Kinshasa
Nairobi
Cape Town
Harare
London
Paris
Madrid
Algiers
Cairo
Istanbul
Berlin
Stockholm
Moscow
Mumbai
(Bombay)
Kolkata
(Calcutta)
Irkutsk
Kuwait
Jeddah
Karachi
Delhi
Tehran
Novosibirsk
Tashkent
Rostov
Shanghai
Singapore
Bangkok
Hong Kong
Manila
Tokyo
Beijing
Khabarovsk
Belém
Medellín
Salvador
Cali
Pôrto Alegre
Recife
Belo Horizonte
Monterrey
Guadalajara
Managua
Adelaide
Brisbane
Canberra
Auckland
Christchurch
Hobart
Auckland
Christchurch
Oslo
Helsinki
Copenhagen
Luanda
Cordoba
Durban
Alexandria
Tripoli
T’ai-pei
Wuhan
Tianjin
Shenyang
Seoul
Pusan
Cassablanca
Rabat
Lisbon
Barcelona
Chennai (Madras)
Hyderabad
Koramangala
(Bangalore)
Lahore
Ho Chi Minh
Kuala Lumpur
Johannesburg
Tunis
Rome
Khartoum
Addis Ababa
Dar es Salaam
San Juan
Miami
Baghdad
Quebec
Ottawa
Toronto
Winnipeg
Detroit
Boston
Vancouver
Calgary
Portland
Dallas
Washington DC
Chicago
St Louis
Minneapolis
Phoenix
Philadelphia
Atlanta
San Diego
Sapporo
Osaka
St Peterburg
Volgograd
Kazan
Omsk
Yakutsk
Ulaanbaatar
Hanoi
Colombo
Reykjavik
Dublin
160
120
80
40
0
40
80
120
160
80
Arctic Circle
40
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Capricorn
0
40
Antarctic Circle
80
Arctic Circle
40
Tropic of Cancer †
Tropic of Capricorn
0
40
Antarctic Circle
160
120
80
40
0
40
80
160
80
80
120
0
1000
2000
3000
4000 Miles
0
1000
2000
3000
6000 Kilometres
4000
5000
WORLD MAP
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

CANADA
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
MEXICO
CUBA
JAMAICA
BELIZE
DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC
HAITI
PUERTO RICO
GUATEMALA
COSTA RICA
NICARAGUA
HONDURAS
EL SALVADOR
PANAMA
COLOMBIA
VENEZUELA
TRINIDAD &
TOBAGO
GUY
ANA
SURINA
M
FRENCH GUIANA
ECUADOR
BRAZIL
PERU
BOLIVIA
PARAGUAY
ARGENTINA
URUGUAY
CHILE
FALKLAND/MALVINAS
ISLANDS
FIJI
GREENLAND
ICELAND
NORWAY
SWEDEN
FINLAND
DENMARK
UNITED
KINGDOM
IRELAND
FRANCE
BELGIUM
NETHERLANDS
LUXEMBOURG
GERMANY
ESTONIA
LATVIA
LITHUANIA
RUSSIA
POLANDBELARUS
UKRAINE
SPAIN
PORTUGAL
CZECH
REP.
AUSTRIA
SWITZERLAND
ITALY
SLOVENIA
CROATIA
SLOVAKIA
HUNGARY
YUGOSLAVIA
BULGARIA
ROMANIA
MOLDOVA
ALBANIA
GREECE
TURKEY
CYPRUS
MOROCCO
WESTERN
SAHARA
ALGERIA
LIBYA
TUNISIA
MAURITANIA
SENEGAL
GAMBIA
GUINEA-BISSAU
GUINEA
SIERRA LEONE
LIBERIA
MALI
BURKINA
FASO
IVORY
COAST
TOGOBENIN
NIGERIA
NIGER
CHAD
EGYPT
SUDAN
ERITREA
ETHIOPIA
CENTRAL
AFRICAN
REPUBLIC
CAMEROON
EQUATORIAL
GUINEA
GABON
CONGO
ZAIRE
RWANDA
BURUNDI
UGANDA
KENYA
SOMALIA
ANGOLA
NAMIBIA
ZAMBIA
TANZANIA
MALAWI
ZIMBABWE
BOTSWANA
MOZAMBIQUE
MADAGASCAR
SWAZILAND
LESOTHO
SOUTH AFRICA
MAURITIUS
RÉUNION
GEORGIA
ARMENIA AZERBAIJAN
SYRIA
LEBANON
ISRAEL
JORDAN
IRAQ
IRAN
SAUDI
ARABIA
QATAR
UNITED
ARAB
EMIRATES
OMAN
YEMEN
AFGHANISTAN
PAKISTAN
TURKMENISTAN
UZBEKISTAN
KYRGYZSTAN
TAJIKISTAN
KAZAKHSTAN
SRI
LANKA
NEPAL
BHUTAN
BANGLADESH
BURMA
LAOS
THAILAND
CAMBODIA
VIETNAM
MALAYSIA
BRUNEI
PHILIPPINES
TAIWAN
INDONESIA
PAPUA
NEW
GUINEA
SOLOMON
ISLANDS
FIJI
VANUATU
NEW CALEDONIA
AUSTRALIA
NEW
ZEALAND
RUSSIA
MONGOLIA
NORTH
KOREA
SOUTH KOREA
JAPAN
CHINA
HONG KONG
ANDORRA
BOSNIA
-HERZEGOVINA
BAHAMAS
GHANA
MACEDONIA
ANTARCTICA
INDIA
NEW
ZEALAND
Ganges
N
ile
Volga
M
issour i
Amaz on
M
ac k
enzie
Y uk
on
B ac
k
Negro
P
ar
aná
Xingu
M
adeir
a
São F
rancisc
o
Or inoco
Kasai
N
ig er
W
hite N
ile
Huang He
Irra
w
addy
Y
enise
y
O
b’
Irtys h
O
b’
T
obol
Ishim
Y
enise
y
Angar a
Lena
A ld an
Lena
K olyma
D
on
Dnepr
Uele
Ural
Congo
I n
d
u
s
D
v
in
a
N
izhnyaya Tunguska
I
n
d
ig
i r
k a
C
h
an
g
Jiang
A
rk
a nsas
Co
lo
ra
d
o
M
ississ
ip
p
i
Rio
Grande
Co
lu
m
b
ia
Orange
GALAPAGOS
ISLANDS
North I.
South I.
Newfoundland
South Georgia
W E S
T
I
N
D
I
E
S
CANARY
ISLANDS
E
A
S
T
I
N
D
I
E
S
M
E
L
A
N
E
S
I
A
A L E U T I AN ISLANDS
A L E U T I AN ISLANDS
North I.
South I.
S V A L B A R D
ZEMLYA FRANTSA IOSIFA
N
o
v
a
y
a
Z e ml y a
SEVERNAYA ZEM
LY A
NOVOSIBIRSKIVE
OSTROVO
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
Norwegian Sea
North Sea
Black Sea
R
ed S
ea
Gulf of
Guinea
Aral
Sea
Hudson Bay
Gulf of Mexico
Sea of
Okhotsk
Bering Sea
Sea of
Japan
East
China Sea
Yellow
Sea
Bay of
Bengal
South
China
Sea
Celebes
Sea
Coral Sea
T a s m a n S e a
B a n B a y
C a
r i bb e an S ea
M
o
za
m
b
iq
u
e
C
h
an
n
el
Gulf of Aden
M e d it e
r r a
ne a n S e a
C
a
sp
ia
n
S
e
a
D
e n
m
a rk
Strai t
P
h
i
l
i
p
p
i
n
e
S
e
a
ARCTIC OCEAN
ARCTIC OCEAN
B
er
ing S
tr
ait
Barents Sea
Kara Sea
Laptev Sea
East
Siberian
Sea
Chukchi
Sea
Chukchi
Sea
Beaufort
Sea
Bering Sea
B
er
ing S
tr
ait
Gulf of
Alaska
D
a
v
is
S
t
r a
i t
P
A
C
I
F
I
C
O
C
E
A
N
N O R T H
A T L A N T I C
O C E A N
S O U T H
A T L A N T I C
O C E A N
I N D I A N
O C E A N
P
A
C
I
F
I
C
O
C
E
A
N
ARCTIC OCEAN
Baltic
Se
a
CA UCASUS MTNS
.
ANATOLIAN PLATEAU
ETHIOPIAN
HIGHLANDS
Arabian
Sea
TURANIAN
PLATEAU
Lappland
Qattara
Depression
S
a
h
a
r
a
Congo
Basin
L. Chad
L. Victoria
L. Tanganyika
L. Nyasa
Kilimanjaro
GUINEA
PLATEAU
Kalahari
Desert
Cape of Good Hope
Cabo Falso
Great
Bear
Lake
Great Slave
Lake
L. Winnipeg
L. Superior
Laurentian
Plateau
Mt. McKinley
Mt. Rainier
Aconcagua
Cape Horn
C E N T R A L
S I B E R I A N
P L A T E A U
PLATEAU
O F T I B E T
S i b e r i a n
L o w l a n d
Kolyma
Lowland
Gobi
Desert
Manchurian
Plain
D e c c a n
Great Sandy
Desert
Lake
Eyre
Basin
Mt. Everest
Mt. Cook
Lake Balkhash
BROOKS RANGE
R
O
C
K
Y
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
G
r
e
a
t
P
l
a
i
n
s
THE GREAT LAKES
S
IE
R
R
A
M
A
D
R E
G UIANA HIGHLAND S
A m a z o n B a si n
A
N
D
E
A
N
D
E
S
B
R
A
Z
IL
IA
N
H
IG
H
L
A
N
D
S
P
a
m
p
a
DRAKEN
SB
ER
G
AT
LA
S M
TNS.
ZAGROS
M
TN
S.
HIN
DU
KUSH
A
L P
S
U
R
A
L
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
AL
T
AI
SAYAN MTNS.
TIEN SHAN
Lake Baykal
K U N LA N S H A N
Tarim Basin
H
I M
A L AY A
Great
Basin
G
R
E
A
T
D
IV
ID
IN
G
R
A
N
G
E
Mt. Cook
Antarctic
Peninsula
A L A S K A
Caracas
Bogotá
La Paz
Rio de Janeiro
Buenos Aires
Santiago
Havana
Mexico City
Los Angeles
San Francisco
New Orleans
Houston
New York
Montreal
São Paulo
Montevideo
Lima
Brasília
Melbourne
Sydney
Perth
Lagos
Kinshasa
Nairobi
Cape Town
Harare
London
Paris
Madrid
Algiers
Cairo
Istanbul
Berlin
Stockholm
Moscow
Mumbai
(Bombay)
Kolkata
(Calcutta)
Irkutsk
Kuwait
Jeddah
Karachi
Delhi
Tehran
Novosibirsk
Tashkent
Rostov
Shanghai
Singapore
Bangkok
Hong Kong
Manila
Tokyo
Beijing
Khabarovsk
Belém
Medellín
Salvador
Cali
Pôrto Alegre
Recife
Belo Horizonte
Monterrey
Guadalajara
Managua
Adelaide
Brisbane
Canberra
Auckland
Christchurch
Hobart
Auckland
Christchurch
Oslo
Helsinki
Copenhagen
Luanda
Cordoba
Durban
Alexandria
Tripoli
T’ai-pei
Wuhan
Tianjin
Shenyang
Seoul
Pusan
Cassablanca
Rabat
Lisbon
Barcelona
Chennai (Madras)
Hyderabad
Koramangala
(Bangalore)
Lahore
Ho Chi Minh
Kuala Lumpur
Johannesburg
Tunis
Rome
Khartoum
Addis Ababa
Dar es Salaam
San Juan
Miami
Baghdad
Quebec
Ottawa
Toronto
Winnipeg
Detroit
Boston
Vancouver
Calgary
Portland
Dallas
Washington DC
Chicago
St Louis
Minneapolis
Phoenix
Philadelphia
Atlanta
San Diego
Sapporo
Osaka
St Peterburg
Volgograd
Kazan
Omsk
Yakutsk
Ulaanbaatar
Hanoi
Colombo
Reykjavik
Dublin
160
120
80
40
0
40
80
120
160
80
Arctic Circle
40
Tropic of Cancer
Tropic of Capricorn
0
40
Antarctic Circle
80
Arctic Circle
40
Tropic of Cancer †
Tropic of Capricorn
0
40
Antarctic Circle
160
120
80
40
0
40
80
160
80
80
120
0
1000
2000
3000
4000 Miles
0
1000
2000
3000
6000 Kilometres
4000
5000
WORLD MAP
Map drawn by

N
ig er
N il e
C ha r
i
B o m
u
S é n é g
a
l
Benue
Orange
Lim p o p
o
R u j i
Tan a
C o n g o
W
hite
N
ile
Blue Nile
Zam b e s i
C
u
b
a
n
g
o
Madeira
Canary Is.
São Tomé & Principe
COMOROS
Farquhar Is.
Réunion
SEYCHELLES
Mauritius
Socotra
Aldabra Is.
ANGOLA
PLATEAU
Cap Blanc
S
A
H
A
R
A
D
E
S
E
R
T
C. Palmas
Cap Lopez
Kalahari
Desert
Cape of
Good Hope
Cape
Agulhas
Cape St. Francis
Great Karoo
Lake Chad
Lake
Volta
Western
Desert
Nubian
Desert
Cabo Delgado
C. d’Ambre
C. Ste. Marie
J E B E L
M A R R A
ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS
Caseyr
Margherita Peak
Kilimanjaro
Kirinyaga
Lake
Victoria
Lake
Mweru
Lake
Tanganyika
Lake
Nyasa
Okavango
Delta
ATLAS MOUNTAINS
A
H
A
G
G
A
R
Mt. Tahat
N
am
ib
D
e
se
rt
DRA
K E
N S
BE
RG
T I B ES
T I
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D e s e
rt
A
S
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M
T
N
S
.
R U B A
L K
H A
L I
Lake
Nasser
Lake
Tana
Windhoek
Gaborone
Cape Town
Port Elizabeth
Maseru
Johannesburg
East London
Bulawayo
Tshwane (Pretoria)
Durban
Mbabane
Maputo
Beira
Fianarantsoa
Lilongwe
Antananarivo
Blantyre
Mahajanga
Antisiranana
Moçambique
Bissau
Dakar
Conakry
Banjul
El Aaiun
Nouakchott
F’Dérik
Dakhla
Freetown
Monrovia
Abidjan
Ouagadougou
Accra
Lomé
Ibadan
Niamey
Bobo Dioulasso
Kaduna
Lagos
Douala
Libreville
Algiers
Oran
Rabat
Casablanca
Lisbon
Madrid
Gibraltar
Tetouan
Benghazi
Tripoli
Ghadãmes
Tunis
Rome
Athens
Baku
Tehran
Ankara
Marzuq
Misratah
Sfax
Annaba
Istanbul
In Salah
Aswan
Alexandria
Riyadh
Asyut
Suez
El Faiyum
Kassala
Port Sudan
Wadi-Halfa
Cairo
El Fasher
Ndjamena
Addis Ababa
Djibouti
Wad Medani
Asmera
El Obeid
Atbara
Berbera
Dar-es-Salaam
Mombasa
Nairobi
Dodoma
Mwanza
Kisumu
Kismayu
Brazzaville
Bujumburo
Kampala
Kinshasa
Matadi
Mbandaka
Kisangani
Kananga
Luanda
Kigali
Lobito
Namibe
Huambo
Lusaka
Harare
Likasi
Lubumbashi
Ndola
Livingstone
Bangui
Khartoum
Constantine
Porto
Novo
Bukavu
Zanzibar
Giza
Luxor
Eyl
Mogadishu
Baidoa
Baraawe
Marka
Yaoundé
Port
Harcourt
Abuja
Kano
Bamenda
Bamako
Timbuktu
Yamoussoukro
Kayes
Ségou
Zinder
Maradi
AFRICA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

MADAGASCAR
SOUTH AFRICA
LESOTHO
NAMIBIA
BOTSWANA
A N G O L A
ZIMBABWE
MOZAMBIQUE
Z A M B I A
TANZANIA
SWAZILAND
K E N Y A
UGANDA
ETHIOPIA
S U D A N
CHAD
CENTRAL
AFRICAN
REPUBLIC
NIGERIA
CAMEROON
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
GABON
CÔTE
D'IVOIRE
GHANA
TOGO
BENIN
BURKINO FASO
M A L I
MAURITANIA
SENEGAL
GAMBIA
GUINEA
BISSAU
G U I N E A
SIERRA
LEONE
LIBERIA
WESTERN
SAHARA
MOROCCO
A L G E R I A
L I B Y A
TUNISIA
N I G E R
E G Y P T
SOMALIA
YEMEN
S A U D I
A R A B I A
ERITREA
DJIBOUTI
OMAN
I R A Q
I R A N
JORDAN
SYRIA
ISRAEL
LEBANON
RWANDA
BURUNDI
MALAWI
TURKEY
ITALY
SPAIN
PORTUGAL
BULGARIA
TURKMENISTAN
AZERBAIJAN
ARMENIA
GEORGIA
GREECE
ALBANIA
F R A N C E
YUGOSLAVIA
QATAR
BAHRAIN
UNITED
ARAB
EMIRATES
KUWAIT
MACEDONIA
CYPRUS
REPUBLIC
OF
CONGO
DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC
OF CONGO
(ZAIRE)
N
ig er
N il e
C ha r
i
B o m
u
S é n é g
a
l
Benue
Orange
Lim p o p
o
R u j i
Tan a
C o n g o
W
hite
N
ile
Blue Nile
Zam b e s i
C
u
b
a
n
g
o
Madeira
Canary Is.
São Tomé & Principe
COMOROS
Farquhar Is.
Réunion
SEYCHELLES
Mauritius
Socotra
Aldabra Is.
Str. of Gibraltar
Bight of
Benin
G U L F O F G U I N E A
Bight of
Bonny
ATLANTIC OCEAN
A T L A N T I C O C E A N
Gulf of Aden
I N D I A N O C E A N
M
o
za
m
b
iq
u
e
C
h
an
ne
l
M
E
D
I T
E
R R
AN E AN S E A
R
E
D
S
E
A
ANGOLA
PLATEAU
Cap Blanc
S
A
H
A
R
A
D
E
S
E
R
T
C. Palmas
Cap Lopez
Kalahari
Desert
Cape of
Good Hope
Cape
Agulhas
Cape St. Francis
Great Karoo
Lake Chad
Lake
Volta
Western
Desert
Nubian
Desert
Cabo Delgado
C. d’Ambre
C. Ste. Marie
J E B E L
M A R R A
ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS
Caseyr
Margherita Peak
Kilimanjaro
Kirinyaga
Lake
Victoria
Lake
Mweru
Lake
Tanganyika
Lake
Nyasa
Okavango
Delta
ATLAS MOUNTAINS
A
H
A
G
G
A
R
Mt. Tahat
N
am
ib
D
e
se
rt
DRA
K E
N S
BE
RG
T I B ES
T I
Libyan
D e s e
rt
A
S
I R
M
T
N
S
.
R U B A
L K
H A
L I
Lake
Nasser
Lake
Tana
Windhoek
Gaborone
Cape Town
Port Elizabeth
Maseru
Johannesburg
East London
Bulawayo
Tshwane (Pretoria)
Durban
Mbabane
Maputo
Beira
Fianarantsoa
Lilongwe
Antananarivo
Blantyre
Mahajanga
Antisiranana
Moçambique
Bissau
Dakar
Conakry
Banjul
El Aaiun
Nouakchott
F’Dérik
Dakhla
Freetown
Monrovia
Abidjan
Ouagadougou
Accra
Lomé
Ibadan
Niamey
Bobo Dioulasso
Kaduna
Lagos
Douala
Libreville
Algiers
Oran
Rabat
Casablanca
Lisbon
Madrid
Gibraltar
Tetouan
Benghazi
Tripoli
Ghadãmes
Tunis
Rome
Athens
Baku
Tehran
Ankara
Marzuq
Misratah
Sfax
Annaba
Istanbul
In Salah
Aswan
Alexandria
Riyadh
Asyut
Suez
El Faiyum
Kassala
Port Sudan
Wadi-Halfa
Cairo
El Fasher
Ndjamena
Addis Ababa
Djibouti
Wad Medani
Asmera
El Obeid
Atbara
Berbera
Dar-es-Salaam
Mombasa
Nairobi
Dodoma
Mwanza
Kisumu
Kismayu
Brazzaville
Bujumburo
Kampala
Kinshasa
Matadi
Mbandaka
Kisangani
Kananga
Luanda
Kigali
Lobito
Namibe
Huambo
Lusaka
Harare
Likasi
Lubumbashi
Ndola
Livingstone
Bangui
Khartoum
Constantine
Porto
Novo
Bukavu
Zanzibar
Giza
Luxor
Eyl
Mogadishu
Baidoa
Baraawe
Marka
Yaoundé
Port
Harcourt
Abuja
Kano
Bamenda
Bamako
Timbuktu
Yamoussoukro
Kayes
Ségou
Zinder
Maradi
10°
30°
40°
Tropic of
Capricorn
20°
10°
10°
20°
30°
40°
20°
30°
20°
10°
50°
60°
Tropic of
Cancer
10°
40°
20°
30°
20°
10°
50°
60°
30°
20°
10°
10°
20°
30°
40°
Tropic of
Capricorn
Tropic of
Cancer
AFRICA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

MADAGASCAR
SOUTH AFRICA
LESOTHO
NAMIBIA
BOTSWANA
A N G O L A
ZIMBABWE
MOZAMBIQUE
Z A M B I A
TANZANIA
SWAZILAND
K E N Y A
UGANDA
ETHIOPIA
S U D A N
CHAD
CENTRAL
AFRICAN
REPUBLIC
NIGERIA
CAMEROON
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
GABON
CÔTE
D'IVOIRE
GHANA
TOGO
BENIN
BURKINO FASO
M A L I
MAURITANIA
SENEGAL
GAMBIA
GUINEA
BISSAU
G U I N E A
SIERRA
LEONE
LIBERIA
WESTERN
SAHARA
MOROCCO
A L G E R I A
L I B Y A
TUNISIA
N I G E R
E G Y P T
SOMALIA
YEMEN
S A U D I
A R A B I A
ERITREA
DJIBOUTI
OMAN
I R A Q
I R A N
JORDAN
SYRIA
ISRAEL
LEBANON
RWANDA
BURUNDI
MALAWI
TURKEY
ITALY
SPAIN
PORTUGAL
BULGARIA
TURKMENISTAN
AZERBAIJAN
ARMENIA
GEORGIA
GREECE
ALBANIA
F R A N C E
YUGOSLAVIA
QATAR
BAHRAIN
UNITED
ARAB
EMIRATES
KUWAIT
MACEDONIA
CYPRUS
REPUBLIC
OF
CONGO
DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC
OF CONGO
(ZAIRE)
N
ig er
N il e
C ha r
i
B o m
u
S é n é g
a
l
Benue
Orange
Lim p o p
o
R u j i
Tan a
C o n g o
W
hite
N
ile
Blue Nile
Zam b e s i
C
u
b
a
n
g
o
Madeira
Canary Is.
São Tomé & Principe
COMOROS
Farquhar Is.
Réunion
SEYCHELLES
Mauritius
Socotra
Aldabra Is.
Str. of Gibraltar
Bight of
Benin
G U L F O F G U I N E A
Bight of
Bonny
ATLANTIC OCEAN
A T L A N T I C O C E A N
Gulf of Aden
I N D I A N O C E A N
M
o
za
m
b
iq
u
e
C
h
an
ne
l
M
E
D
I T
E
R R
AN E AN S E A
R
E
D
S
E
A
ANGOLA
PLATEAU
Cap Blanc
S
A
H
A
R
A
D
E
S
E
R
T
C. Palmas
Cap Lopez
Kalahari
Desert
Cape of
Good Hope
Cape
Agulhas
Cape St. Francis
Great Karoo
Lake Chad
Lake
Volta
Western
Desert
Nubian
Desert
Cabo Delgado
C. d’Ambre
C. Ste. Marie
J E B E L
M A R R A
ETHIOPIAN HIGHLANDS
Caseyr
Margherita Peak
Kilimanjaro
Kirinyaga
Lake
Victoria
Lake
Mweru
Lake
Tanganyika
Lake
Nyasa
Okavango
Delta
ATLAS MOUNTAINS
A
H
A
G
G
A
R
Mt. Tahat
N
am
ib
D
e
se
rt
DRA
K E
N S
BE
RG
T I B ES
T I
Libyan
D e s e
rt
A
S
I R
M
T
N
S
.
R U B A
L K
H A
L I
Lake
Nasser
Lake
Tana
Windhoek
Gaborone
Cape Town
Port Elizabeth
Maseru
Johannesburg
East London
Bulawayo
Tshwane (Pretoria)
Durban
Mbabane
Maputo
Beira
Fianarantsoa
Lilongwe
Antananarivo
Blantyre
Mahajanga
Antisiranana
Moçambique
Bissau
Dakar
Conakry
Banjul
El Aaiun
Nouakchott
F’Dérik
Dakhla
Freetown
Monrovia
Abidjan
Ouagadougou
Accra
Lomé
Ibadan
Niamey
Bobo Dioulasso
Kaduna
Lagos
Douala
Libreville
Algiers
Oran
Rabat
Casablanca
Lisbon
Madrid
Gibraltar
Tetouan
Benghazi
Tripoli
Ghadãmes
Tunis
Rome
Athens
Baku
Tehran
Ankara
Marzuq
Misratah
Sfax
Annaba
Istanbul
In Salah
Aswan
Alexandria
Riyadh
Asyut
Suez
El Faiyum
Kassala
Port Sudan
Wadi-Halfa
Cairo
El Fasher
Ndjamena
Addis Ababa
Djibouti
Wad Medani
Asmera
El Obeid
Atbara
Berbera
Dar-es-Salaam
Mombasa
Nairobi
Dodoma
Mwanza
Kisumu
Kismayu
Brazzaville
Bujumburo
Kampala
Kinshasa
Matadi
Mbandaka
Kisangani
Kananga
Luanda
Kigali
Lobito
Namibe
Huambo
Lusaka
Harare
Likasi
Lubumbashi
Ndola
Livingstone
Bangui
Khartoum
Constantine
Porto
Novo
Bukavu
Zanzibar
Giza
Luxor
Eyl
Mogadishu
Baidoa
Baraawe
Marka
Yaoundé
Port
Harcourt
Abuja
Kano
Bamenda
Bamako
Timbuktu
Yamoussoukro
Kayes
Ségou
Zinder
Maradi
10°
30°
40°
Tropic of
Capricorn
20°
10°
10°
20°
30°
40°
20°
30°
20°
10°
50°
60°
Tropic of
Cancer
10°
40°
20°
30°
20°
10°
50°
60°
30°
20°
10°
10°
20°
30°
40°
Tropic of
Capricorn
Tropic of
Cancer
0
500
1000
1500
2000 Miles
0
500
1000
1500
3000 Kilometres
2000
2500
AFRICA
Map drawn by

AUSTRALIAN
ANTARCTIC
TERRITORY
AUSTRALIAN
ANTARCTIC
TERRITORY
FRENCH TERRITORY
'TERRE ADÉLIE'
ROSS DEPENDENCY
(NEW ZEALAND)
NORWEGIAN
DEPENDENCY
CHILEAN
CLAIM
BRITISH
ANTARC TIC
TERRITORY
ARGENTINE
CLAIM
AUSTRALIA
NEW
ZEALAND
SOUTH
AFRICA
ARGENTINA
CHILE
Alexander I.
Charcot I.
Thurston I.
Siple I.
Roosevelt I.
Sturge I.
Balleny Is
Tasmania
Auckland I.
Campbell I.
Macquarie Is
Falkland Is
S. Orkney Is
S. Shetland Is
Tierra del
Fuego
Palmer
Archipelago
South Georgia
Berkner I.
A
v
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a
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p
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120
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0
100
80
60
180
160
120
140
40
20
20
160
140
Antarctic Circle
70
80
60
0
1000
2000 Miles
0
1000
2000
3000 Kilometres
ANTARCTICA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

AUSTRALIAN
ANTARCTIC
TERRITORY
AUSTRALIAN
ANTARCTIC
TERRITORY
FRENCH TERRITORY
'TERRE ADÉLIE'
ROSS DEPENDENCY
(NEW ZEALAND)
NORWEGIAN
DEPENDENCY
CHILEAN
CLAIM
BRITISH
ANTARC TIC
TERRITORY
ARGENTINE
CLAIM
AUSTRALIA
NEW
ZEALAND
SOUTH
AFRICA
ARGENTINA
CHILE
Alexander I.
Charcot I.
Thurston I.
Siple I.
Roosevelt I.
Sturge I.
Balleny Is
Tasmania
Auckland I.
Campbell I.
Macquarie Is
Falkland Is
S. Orkney Is
S. Shetland Is
Tierra del
Fuego
Palmer
Archipelago
South Georgia
Berkner I.
A
v
e
r
a
g
e
p
e
r
m
a
n
e
n
t
e
x
te
n
t
o
f
s
e
a
ic
e
P A C I F I C
O C E A N
Bellinghausen
Sea
Amundsen
Sea
R o s s
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Shelf
Ronne
Ice Shelf
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Pa ss ag e
Shackleton
Ice Shelf
I
N
D
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A
N
O
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A
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A T
L
A
N
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A
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Sea
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Land
L E S S E R
A N T A R C T I C A
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PENSACOLA
MTNS.
Mt. Kirkpatrick
Mt. Markham
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Mt. Seelig
Mt. Sidley
P a
l m
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W
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C. Adare
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Land
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South
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G R E A T E R
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Mac Robertson
Land
C. Darnley
South Pole
AMERICAN
HIGHLAND
PR.
CHARLES MTNS
.
QUEEN
MAU
D
M
TN
S
.
TRANS ANTARC TI C
M O
U
N
T A
I N
S
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y
L
a
n
d
D
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n
n
in
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M
a
u
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L
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n
d
Antarctic
Peninsula
Graham
Land
C. Norvegia
CoatsLand
120
80
100
60
40
0
100
80
60
180
160
120
140
40
20
20
160
140
Antarctic Circle
70
80
60
0
1000
2000 Miles
0
1000
2000
3000 Kilometres
ANTARCTICA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

AUSTRALIAN
ANTARCTIC
TERRITORY
AUSTRALIAN
ANTARCTIC
TERRITORY
FRENCH TERRITORY
'TERRE ADÉLIE'
ROSS DEPENDENCY
(NEW ZEALAND)
NORWEGIAN
DEPENDENCY
CHILEAN
CLAIM
BRITISH
ANTARC TIC
TERRITORY
ARGENTINE
CLAIM
AUSTRALIA
NEW
ZEALAND
SOUTH
AFRICA
ARGENTINA
CHILE
Alexander I.
Charcot I.
Thurston I.
Siple I.
Roosevelt I.
Sturge I.
Balleny Is
Tasmania
Auckland I.
Campbell I.
Macquarie Is
Falkland Is
S. Orkney Is
S. Shetland Is
Tierra del
Fuego
Palmer
Archipelago
South Georgia
Berkner I.
A
v
e
r
a
g
e
p
e
r
m
a
n
e
n
t
e
x
te
n
t
o
f
s
e
a
ic
e
P A C I F I C
O C E A N
Bellinghausen
Sea
Amundsen
Sea
R o s s
S e a
Ross Ice
Shelf
Ronne
Ice Shelf
Drake
Pa ss ag e
Shackleton
Ice Shelf
I
N
D
I
A
N
O
C
E
A
N
Amery
Ice Shelf
A T
L
A
N
T
I C
O
C
E
A
N
Scotia
Sea
Weddell
Sea
Ellsworth
Land
L E S S E R
A N T A R C T I C A
Marie Byrd
Land
C. Colbeck
PENSACOLA
MTNS.
Mt. Kirkpatrick
Mt. Markham
Vinson Massif
Mt. Seelig
Mt. Sidley
P a
l m
e
r
L
a
n
d
W
algreen Coast
C. Adare
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Land
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L
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Magnetic
Pole
G R E A T E R
A N T A R C T I C A
Mac Robertson
Land
C. Darnley
South Pole
AMERICAN
HIGHLAND
PR.
CHARLES MTNS
.
QUEEN
MAU
D
M
TN
S
.
TRANS ANTARC TI C
M O
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I N
S
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L
a
n
d
D
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in
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M
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u
d
L
a
n
d
Antarctic
Peninsula
Graham
Land
C. Norvegia
CoatsLand
120
80
100
60
40
0
100
80
60
180
160
120
140
40
20
20
160
140
Antarctic Circle
70
80
60
0
1000
2000 Miles
0
1000
2000
3000 Kilometres
ANTARCTICA
Map drawn by

Yenisey
Ob’
Irt
ysh
Indu s
N ile
Tigr
is
Dnepr
V
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A mu r
Huang He
Amu Dar’ya
Syr Dar’ya
Ural
Tob ol
Lena
Ishi m
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Ob
Yenisey
Nizhnyaya
Tunguska
Angara
Lena
Euphra
tes
Ir
ra
w
addy
Loire
M
ekong
Salw
een
Indig
irka
Kolyma
Ch
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g
Ganga
CA
UC
ASUS MT
S.
ANATOLIAN
PLATEAU
ETHIOPIAN
HIGHLANDS
TURANIAN
PLATEAU
L ap pl an d
Qattara
Depression
L. Victoria
L. Tanganyika
L. Nyasa
Kilimanjaro
C E N T R A L
S I B E R I A N
P L A T E A U
P L A T E A U
O F T I B E T
S i b e r i a n
L o w l a n d
Kolyma
Lowland
Gobi
Desert
Manchurian
Plain
D e c c a n
Mt. Everest
Lake Balkhash
ZAG
RO
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M
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.
HIN
DU
KU
SH
A L P S
U
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A
L
M
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N
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I
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S
A L T
AI
SAYAN MTS.
TIEN SHAN
Lake
Baykal
K U NL A N S H A N
Tarim Basin
H
IM
AL A Y A
Great
Basin
London
Paris
Prague
Milan
Budapest
Madrid
So ya
Moscow
Barcelona
Rome
St Peterburg
Stockholm
Istanbul
Ankara
Cairo
Baghdad
Tehran
Berlin
Bucharest
Warsaw
Copenhagen
Volgograd
Delhi
Bangkok
Ho Chi Minh
Novosibirsk
Lahore
Omsk
Tokyo
Khabarovsk
Sapporo
Shanghai
Beijing
Manila
Harbin
Changchun
Seoul
Phnom
Penh
Pontianak
T’ai-pei
Colombo
Kolkata (Calcutta)
Karachi
Mumbai (Bombay)
Chennai (Madras)
Hyderabad
Yangon
Hanoi
Hong Kong
Da Nang
Wuhan
Hue
Xi’an
Murmansk
Dikson
Nordvik
Lensk
Irkutsk
Moulmein
Osaka
ASIA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

M A L A Y S I A
I N
D
O
N
E
S
I A
PAPUA
NEW GUINEA
C
H
I
N
A
I N
D
I A
SRI
LANKA
P A K I S T A N
NEPAL
BURMA
PHILIPPINES
J A P A N
M O N G O L I A
R
U
S
S
I
A
KAZAKHSTAN
I R A N
TURKEY
IRAQ
AFGHANISTAN
TURKMENISTAN
UZBEKISTAN
KYRGYZSTAN
TAJIKISTAN
BHUTAN
BANGLADESH
THAILAND
VIETNAM
CAMBODIA
LAOS
BRUNEI
NORTH
KOREA
SOUTH
KOREA
SYRIA
JORDAN
ISRAEL
LEBANON
TAIWAN
KUWAIT
SAUDI
ARABIA
OMAN
Y E M E N
QATAR
UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES
UKRAINE
BELARUS
MOLDOVA
RUSSIA
LITHU
ANIA
LA
TVIA
EST
ONIA
SINGAPORE
Yenisey
Ob’
Irt
ysh
Indu s
N ile
Tigr
is
Dnepr
V
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A mu r
Huang He
Amu Dar’ya
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Ural
Tob ol
Lena
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Angara
Lena
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tes
Ir
ra
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addy
Loire
M
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S
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A
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D
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Svalbard
Zemlya
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Novaya Zemlya
Severnaya
Zemlya
Novosibirskiye
Ostrova
Norwegian
Sea
North Sea
Blac
k Sea
R
ed S
ea
Aral
Sea
Sea of
Okhotsk
B e r i n g
S e a
Sea of
Japan
East
China
Sea
Yellow
Sea
Bay of
Bengal
S o u t h
C h i n a
S e a
Celebes
Sea
Coral Sea
M
oz
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Ch
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G ulfo f A d e n
M
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d
i
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a
C
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p
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S
e
a
P
h
i l i p
p
i n
e
S
e
a
Ber ing St.
Barents
Sea
Kara Sea
Laptev
Sea
East
Siberian
Sea
Chukchi
Sea
I N D I A N
O C E A N
P
A
C
I
F
I
C
O
C
E
A
N
ARCTIC OCEAN
Arabian
Sea
CA
UC
ASUS MT
S.
ANATOLIAN
PLATEAU
ETHIOPIAN
HIGHLANDS
TURANIAN
PLATEAU
L ap pl an d
Qattara
Depression
L. Victoria
L. Tanganyika
L. Nyasa
Kilimanjaro
C E N T R A L
S I B E R I A N
P L A T E A U
P L A T E A U
O F T I B E T
S i b e r i a n
L o w l a n d
Kolyma
Lowland
Gobi
Desert
Manchurian
Plain
D e c c a n
Mt. Everest
Lake Balkhash
ZAG
RO
S
M
TS
.
HIN
DU
KU
SH
A L P S
U
R
A
L
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
A L T
AI
SAYAN MTS.
TIEN SHAN
Lake
Baykal
K U NL A N S H A N
Tarim Basin
H
IM
AL A Y A
Great
Basin
London
Paris
Prague
Milan
Budapest
Madrid
So ya
Moscow
Barcelona
Rome
St Peterburg
Stockholm
Istanbul
Ankara
Cairo
Baghdad
Tehran
Berlin
Bucharest
Warsaw
Copenhagen
Volgograd
Delhi
Bangkok
Ho Chi Minh
Novosibirsk
Lahore
Omsk
Tokyo
Khabarovsk
Sapporo
Shanghai
Beijing
Manila
Harbin
Changchun
Seoul
Phnom
Penh
Pontianak
T’ai-pei
Colombo
Kolkata (Calcutta)
Karachi
Mumbai (Bombay)
Chennai (Madras)
Hyderabad
Yangon
Hanoi
Hong Kong
Da Nang
Wuhan
Hue
Xi’an
Murmansk
Dikson
Nordvik
Lensk
Irkutsk
Moulmein
Osaka
80°
60°
60°
Arctic
Circle
Arctic
Circle
80°
40°
160°
180°
160°
140°
120°
100°
80°
60°
40°
20°
20°
40°
20°
20°
20°
20°
40°
20°
160°
180°
160°
140°
120°
100°
80°
60°
20°
0
1000
2000
3000
4000 Miles
0
1000
2000
3000
6000 Kilometres
4000
5000
ASIA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

M A L A Y S I A
I N
D
O
N
E
S
I A
PAPUA
NEW GUINEA
C
H
I
N
A
I N
D
I A
SRI
LANKA
P A K I S T A N
NEPAL
BURMA
PHILIPPINES
J A P A N
M O N G O L I A
R
U
S
S
I
A
KAZAKHSTAN
I R A N
TURKEY
IRAQ
AFGHANISTAN
TURKMENISTAN
UZBEKISTAN
KYRGYZSTAN
TAJIKISTAN
BHUTAN
BANGLADESH
THAILAND
VIETNAM
CAMBODIA
LAOS
BRUNEI
NORTH
KOREA
SOUTH
KOREA
SYRIA
JORDAN
ISRAEL
LEBANON
TAIWAN
KUWAIT
SAUDI
ARABIA
OMAN
Y E M E N
QATAR
UNITED ARAB
EMIRATES
UKRAINE
BELARUS
MOLDOVA
RUSSIA
LITHU
ANIA
LA
TVIA
EST
ONIA
SINGAPORE
Yenisey
Ob’
Irt
ysh
Indu s
N ile
Tigr
is
Dnepr
V
ol ga
A mu r
Huang He
Amu Dar’ya
Syr Dar’ya
Ural
Tob ol
Lena
Ishi m
Pechora
Ob
Yenisey
Nizhnyaya
Tunguska
Angara
Lena
Euphra
tes
Ir
ra
w
addy
Loire
M
ekong
Salw
een
Indig
irka
Kolyma
Ch
ang Jian
g
Ganga
E
A
S
T
I
N
D
I
E
S
M
E
L
A
N
E
S
I
A
A
L
E
U
T
I
A
N
I
S
L
A
N
D
S
Svalbard
Zemlya
Frantsa Iosifa
Novaya Zemlya
Severnaya
Zemlya
Novosibirskiye
Ostrova
Norwegian
Sea
North Sea
Blac
k Sea
R
ed S
ea
Aral
Sea
Sea of
Okhotsk
B e r i n g
S e a
Sea of
Japan
East
China
Sea
Yellow
Sea
Bay of
Bengal
S o u t h
C h i n a
S e a
Celebes
Sea
Coral Sea
M
oz
am
biq
ue
Ch
.
G ulfo f A d e n
M
e
d
i
t
e
r
r
a
n
e
a
n
S
e
a
C
a
s
p
ia
n
S
e
a
P
h
i l i p
p
i n
e
S
e
a
Ber ing St.
Barents
Sea
Kara Sea
Laptev
Sea
East
Siberian
Sea
Chukchi
Sea
I N D I A N
O C E A N
P
A
C
I
F
I
C
O
C
E
A
N
ARCTIC OCEAN
Arabian
Sea
CA
UC
ASUS MT
S.
ANATOLIAN
PLATEAU
ETHIOPIAN
HIGHLANDS
TURANIAN
PLATEAU
L ap pl an d
Qattara
Depression
L. Victoria
L. Tanganyika
L. Nyasa
Kilimanjaro
C E N T R A L
S I B E R I A N
P L A T E A U
P L A T E A U
O F T I B E T
S i b e r i a n
L o w l a n d
Kolyma
Lowland
Gobi
Desert
Manchurian
Plain
D e c c a n
Mt. Everest
Lake Balkhash
ZAG
RO
S
M
TS
.
HIN
DU
KU
SH
A L P S
U
R
A
L
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
A L T
AI
SAYAN MTS.
TIEN SHAN
Lake
Baykal
K U NL A N S H A N
Tarim Basin
H
IM
AL A Y A
Great
Basin
London
Paris
Prague
Milan
Budapest
Madrid
So ya
Moscow
Barcelona
Rome
St Peterburg
Stockholm
Istanbul
Ankara
Cairo
Baghdad
Tehran
Berlin
Bucharest
Warsaw
Copenhagen
Volgograd
Delhi
Bangkok
Ho Chi Minh
Novosibirsk
Lahore
Omsk
Tokyo
Khabarovsk
Sapporo
Shanghai
Beijing
Manila
Harbin
Changchun
Seoul
Phnom
Penh
Pontianak
T’ai-pei
Colombo
Kolkata (Calcutta)
Karachi
Mumbai (Bombay)
Chennai (Madras)
Hyderabad
Yangon
Hanoi
Hong Kong
Da Nang
Wuhan
Hue
Xi’an
Murmansk
Dikson
Nordvik
Lensk
Irkutsk
Moulmein
Osaka
80°
60°
60°
Arctic
Circle
Arctic
Circle
80°
40°
160°
180°
160°
140°
120°
100°
80°
60°
40°
20°
20°
40°
20°
20°
20°
20°
40°
20°
160°
180°
160°
140°
120°
100°
80°
60°
20°
0
1000
2000
3000
4000 Miles
0
1000
2000
3000
6000 Kilometres
4000
5000
ASIA
Map drawn by

Barcoo
Dar ling
Murray
Thomson
Mitchell
Fortescue
Murchison
Daly
Roper
F itz roy
F
lin
d
ers
B
e
ly
a
n
d
o
G
eo
rg
in
a
D
ia
m
a n
tin
a
La
chlan
Great Victoria Desert
Nullarbor Plain
Simpson
Desert
Gibson Desert
Great
Sandy Desert
Kimberley
Plateau
Arnhem Land
Bar
kly Tab
leland
L.Eyre
L.Torrens
L.Gairdner
L.Everard
L.Taupo
SOUTHERN ALPS
G
R
E
AT
D
IV
ID
IN
G
R
A
N
G
E
G
R
E
A
T
D
I
V
I
D
I
N
G
R
A
N
G
E
MACDONNELL RANGES
Mt. Kosciusko
Mt. Bruce
Pk. Jaya
PEGUNUNGAN MOAKE
Ruapehu
C. Lévêque
North West C.
C. Leeuwin
C. Howe
C. York
Melbourne
Hobart
Adelaide
Newcastle
Sydney
Christchurch
Wellington
Auckland
Cairns
Townsville
Canberra
Port Moresby
Rockhampton
Brisbane
Port Headland
Wyndham
Derby
Alice Springs
Darwin
Kupang
Banjarmasin
Ujung Pandang
Mataram
Perth
Geraldton
Carnarvon
Albany
Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Jayapura
Launceston
Fremantle
Elizabeth
Geelong
Ballarat
Wollongong
AUSTRALIA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

AUSTRALIA
VICTORIA
AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY
NEW
SOUTH
WALES
TASMANIA
NEW ZEALAND
QUEENSLAND
NORTHERN
TERRITORY
WESTERN AUSTRALIA
SOUTH
AUSTRALIA
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
I N D O N E S I A
FIJI
NEW CALEDONIA
VANUATU
SOLOMON ISLANDS
Barcoo
Dar ling
Murray
Thomson
Mitchell
Fortescue
Murchison
Daly
Roper
F itz roy
F
lin
d
ers
B
e
ly
a
n
d
o
G
eo
rg
in
a
D
ia
m
a n
tin
a
La
chlan
Buru
Sulawasi
Seram
Halmahera
Sumba
Timor
Java
Bali
Sumbawa
Flores
Wetar
Melville I.
Bathurst I.
Groote
Eylandt
New Britain
New
Ireland
Bismarck Archipelago
Bougainville I.
Fraser I.
King I.
Flinders I.
Kangaroo I.
Stewart I.
South
Island
North
Island
Viti Levu
Vanua Levu
Espiritu Santo
Malakula
Guadalcanal
San Cristobal
Malaita
Choiseul
Santa Isabel
P A C I F I C
O C E A N
Great Australian Bight
I N D I A N
O C E A N
Bass Strait
Gulf of
Carpentaria
ARAFURA SEA
TIMOR
SEA
BANDA SEA
Torres Str ait
SOLOMON SEA
BISMARCK SEA
SERAM SEA
TASMAN SEA
FLORES SEA
Makassar Str
ait
CORAL SEA
Gulf of
Papua
G
r e
a
t
B
a
r
r
i
e
r
R
e
e
f
S O U T H E R N
O C E A N
Great Victoria Desert
Nullarbor Plain
Simpson
Desert
Gibson Desert
Great
Sandy Desert
Kimberley
Plateau
Arnhem Land
Bar
kly Tab
leland
L.Eyre
L.Torrens
L.Gairdner
L.Everard
L.Taupo
SOUTHERN ALPS
G
R
E
AT
D
IV
ID
IN
G
R
A
N
G
E
G
R
E
A
T
D
I
V
I
D
I
N
G
R
A
N
G
E
MACDONNELL RANGES
Mt. Kosciusko
Mt. Bruce
Pk. Jaya
PEGUNUNGAN MOAKE
Ruapehu
C. Lévêque
North West C.
C. Leeuwin
C. Howe
C. York
Melbourne
Hobart
Adelaide
Newcastle
Sydney
Christchurch
Wellington
Auckland
Cairns
Townsville
Canberra
Port Moresby
Rockhampton
Brisbane
Port Headland
Wyndham
Derby
Alice Springs
Darwin
Kupang
Banjarmasin
Ujung Pandang
Mataram
Perth
Geraldton
Carnarvon
Albany
Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Jayapura
Launceston
Fremantle
Elizabeth
Geelong
Ballarat
Wollongong
170
160
150
120
110
10
20
30
Tropic of
Capricorn
40
0
50
140
130
10
20
30
Tropic of
Capricorn
40
0
170
160
150
120
140
130
180
190
0
500
1000
1500 Miles
0
500
1000
1500
2000 Kilometres
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

VICTORIA
AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY
NEW
SOUTH
WALES
TASMANIA
NEW ZEALAND
QUEENSLAND
NORTHERN
TERRITORY
WESTERN AUSTRALIA
SOUTH
AUSTRALIA
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
I N D O N E S I A
FIJI
NEW CALEDONIA
VANUATU
SOLOMON ISLANDS
Barcoo
Dar ling
Murray
Thomson
Mitchell
Fortescue
Murchison
Daly
Roper
F itz roy
F
lin
d
ers
B
e
ly
a
n
d
o
G
eo
rg
in
a
D
ia
m
a n
tin
a
La
chlan
Buru
Sulawasi
Seram
Halmahera
Sumba
Timor
Java
Bali
Sumbawa
Flores
Wetar
Melville I.
Bathurst I.
Groote
Eylandt
New Britain
New
Ireland
Bismarck Archipelago
Bougainville I.
Fraser I.
King I.
Flinders I.
Kangaroo I.
Stewart I.
South
Island
North
Island
Viti Levu
Vanua Levu
Espiritu Santo
Malakula
Guadalcanal
San Cristobal
Malaita
Choiseul
Santa Isabel
P A C I F I C
O C E A N
Great Australian Bight
I N D I A N
O C E A N
Bass Strait
Gulf of
Carpentaria
ARAFURA SEA
TIMOR
SEA
BANDA SEA
Torres Str ait
SOLOMON SEA
BISMARCK SEA
SERAM SEA
TASMAN SEA
FLORES SEA
Makassar Str
ait
CORAL SEA
Gulf of
Papua
G
r e
a
t
B
a
r
r
i
e
r
R
e
e
f
S O U T H E R N
O C E A N
Great Victoria Desert
Nullarbor Plain
Simpson
Desert
Gibson Desert
Great
Sandy Desert
Kimberley
Plateau
Arnhem Land
Bar
kly Tab
leland
L.Eyre
L.Torrens
L.Gairdner
L.Everard
L.Taupo
SOUTHERN ALPS
G
R
E
AT
D
IV
ID
IN
G
R
A
N
G
E
G
R
E
A
T
D
I
V
I
D
I
N
G
R
A
N
G
E
MACDONNELL RANGES
Mt. Kosciusko
Mt. Bruce
Pk. Jaya
PEGUNUNGAN MOAKE
Ruapehu
C. Lévêque
North West C.
C. Leeuwin
C. Howe
C. York
Melbourne
Hobart
Adelaide
Newcastle
Sydney
Christchurch
Wellington
Auckland
Cairns
Townsville
Canberra
Port Moresby
Rockhampton
Brisbane
Port Headland
Wyndham
Derby
Alice Springs
Darwin
Kupang
Banjarmasin
Ujung Pandang
Mataram
Perth
Geraldton
Carnarvon
Albany
Kalgoorlie-Boulder
Jayapura
Launceston
Fremantle
Elizabeth
Geelong
Ballarat
Wollongong
170
160
150
120
110
10
20
30
Tropic of
Capricorn
40
0
50
140
130
10
20
30
Tropic of
Capricorn
40
0
170
160
150
120
140
130
180
190
0
500
1000
1500 Miles
0
500
1000
1500
2000 Kilometres
AUSTRALIA
Map drawn by

Don
Volga
Dnepr
Dnestr
Tig
ris
Nile
Po
Loire
Ural
Sydar’ya
Severnaya Dvina
Sukhona
Volga
Ob’
Ob’
Irtysh
Irtysh
Tobol
Rhône
Donau
Duero
Tajo
Seine
E
uphrates
Pr ipyat
Desna
Pr ut
U
R
A
L
M
O
U
N
T
A
I N
S
TOROS DAGLA
RI
L.Van
L.Onega
L.Ladoga
C A U C A S U S
HAUT ATLAS
A T L A S S A H A R I E N
CAR
PATH
IA
N
S
A
L
P
S
ELBURZ M
OU
N
TA
IN
S
ZAGROS M
OUNTAINS
WEST
SIBERIAN
PLAIN
KOLA
PENINSULA
MASSIF
CENTRAL
Andorra la Vella
Madrid
Lisbon
Rabat
Algiers
El Aaiun
Las Palmas
London
Dublin
Brussels
Paris
Athens
Ankara
Tunis
Nicosia
Damascus
Amman
Baghdad
Cairo
Abu Dhabi
Jerusalem
Beirut
Benghazi
Tripoli
Bucharest
So ya
Skopje
Tbilisi
Ashkhabad
Baku
Yerevan
Tehran
The Hague
Luxembourg
Berlin
Copenhagen
Riga
Vilnius
Tallinn
Warsaw
Prague
Moscow
Minsk
Kiev
Kishinev
Bratislava
Vienna
Budapest
Belgrade
Sarajevo
Ljubljana
San Marino
Rome
Tirane
Bern
Monaco
Oslo
Stockholm
Helsinki
Reykjavik
Göteborg
Porto
Belfast
Cardi
Edinburgh
Sankt-Peterburg
Bilbao
Casablanca
Sevilla
Malaga
Marrakech
Kazan
Samara
Magnitogorsk
Yekaterinburg
Gibraltar
Sevastopol’
Odessa
Istanbul
Izmir
Omsk
Arkhangel’sk
Murmansk
Alexandria
Suez
Barcelona
Riyadh
Al Kuwayt
Al Basrah
EUROPE
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

EUROPE
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.
WALES
ENGLAND
FRANCE
BELGIUM
NETHERLANDS
GERMANY
LUXEMBOURG
POLAND
RUSSIA
LITHUANIA
LATVIA
BELARUS
CZECH REP.
SLOVAKIA
AUSTRIA
SWITZERLAND
SLOVENIA
HUNGARY
CROATIA
BOSNIA-
HERZEGOVINA
YUGOSLAVIA
ROMANIA
BULGARIA
MACEDONIA
U K R A I N E
MOLDOVA
GEORGIA
R
U
S
S
I A
T U R K E Y
GREECE
ALBANIA
SYRIA
LEBANON
CYPRUS
ISRAEL JORDAN
S A U D I A R A B I A
EGYPT
L I B Y A
TUNISIA
MALTA
MOROCCO
PORTUGAL
S P A I N
ANDORRA
I T A L Y
DENMARK
SWEDEN
A L G E R I A
ESTONIA
NORWAY
FINLAND
ICELAND
GREENLAND
I R A N
I R A Q
TURKMENISTAN
UZBEKISTAN
K A Z A K H S T A N
AZERBAIJAN
ARMENIA
KUWAIT
QATAR UNITED
ARAB
EMIRATES
SCOTLAND
WESTERN
SAHARA
MAURITANIA
IRELAND
Don
Volga
Dnepr
Dnestr
Tig
ris
Nile
Po
Loire
Ural
Sydar’ya
Severnaya Dvina
Sukhona
Volga
Ob’
Ob’
Irtysh
Irtysh
Tobol
Rhône
Donau
Duero
Tajo
Seine
E
uphrates
Pr ipyat
Desna
Pr ut
Crete
MADEIRA IS.
CANARY IS.
BALEARIC IS.
Corsica
Sicily
FAEROES
SHETLAND IS.
HEBRIDES
Sardinia
Ostrov Kolguyav
ORKNEY IS.
Denmark Strait
GREENLAND SEA
BARENTS SEA
Bay of
Biscay
A T L A N T I C
O C E A N
AR C T IC OCEAN
M
E
D
I
T
E
R
R
A
N
E
A
N
S
E
A
Strait of Gibraltar
NORTH
SEA
Skagerrak
B L A C K S E A
ARAL
SEA
C
A
S
P
I A
N
S E A
Persian Gulf
R E D
S E A
B
A
L
T
I C
S
E
A
G
u
lf o
f B
o
th
n
ia
NOR WEGIAN
SEA
Gulf of
Sir te
U
R
A
L
M
O
U
N
T
A
I N
S
TOROS DAGLA
RI
L.Van
L.Onega
L.Ladoga
C A U C A S U S
HAUT ATLAS
A T L A S S A H A R I E N
CAR
PATH
IA
N
S
A
L
P
S
ELBURZ M
OU
N
TA
IN
S
ZAGROS M
OUNTAINS
WEST
SIBERIAN
PLAIN
KOLA
PENINSULA
MASSIF
CENTRAL
Andorra la Vella
Madrid
Lisbon
Rabat
Algiers
El Aaiun
Las Palmas
London
Dublin
Brussels
Paris
Athens
Ankara
Tunis
Nicosia
Damascus
Amman
Baghdad
Cairo
Abu Dhabi
Jerusalem
Beirut
Benghazi
Tripoli
Bucharest
So ya
Skopje
Tbilisi
Ashkhabad
Baku
Yerevan
Tehran
The Hague
Luxembourg
Berlin
Copenhagen
Riga
Vilnius
Tallinn
Warsaw
Prague
Moscow
Minsk
Kiev
Kishinev
Bratislava
Vienna
Budapest
Belgrade
Sarajevo
Ljubljana
San Marino
Rome
Tirane
Bern
Monaco
Oslo
Stockholm
Helsinki
Reykjavik
Göteborg
Porto
Belfast
Cardi
Edinburgh
Sankt-Peterburg
Bilbao
Casablanca
Sevilla
Malaga
Marrakech
Kazan
Samara
Magnitogorsk
Yekaterinburg
Gibraltar
Sevastopol’
Odessa
Istanbul
Izmir
Omsk
Arkhangel’sk
Murmansk
Alexandria
Suez
Barcelona
Riyadh
Al Kuwayt
Al Basrah
58
74
74
58
66
56
48
50
40
34
42
32
26
0
8
16
24
32
48
24
16
50
34
42
26
8
16
24
32
48
56
40
64
80
88
88
80
72
64
56
0
8
8
16
24
32
48
40
Arctic Circle
66
Arctic Circle
0
500
1000
1500 Miles
0
500
1000
1500
2000 Kilometres

EUROPE
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.
WALES
ENGLAND
FRANCE
BELGIUM
NETHERLANDS
GERMANY
LUXEMBOURG
POLAND
RUSSIA
LITHUANIA
LATVIA
BELARUS
CZECH REP.
SLOVAKIA
AUSTRIA
SWITZERLAND
SLOVENIA
HUNGARY
CROATIA
BOSNIA-
HERZEGOVINA
YUGOSLAVIA
ROMANIA
BULGARIA
MACEDONIA
U K R A I N E
MOLDOVA
GEORGIA
R
U
S
S
I A
T U R K E Y
GREECE
ALBANIA
SYRIA
LEBANON
CYPRUS
ISRAEL JORDAN
S A U D I A R A B I A
EGYPT
L I B Y A
TUNISIA
MALTA
MOROCCO
PORTUGAL
S P A I N
ANDORRA
I T A L Y
DENMARK
SWEDEN
A L G E R I A
ESTONIA
NORWAY
FINLAND
ICELAND
GREENLAND
I R A N
I R A Q
TURKMENISTAN
UZBEKISTAN
K A Z A K H S T A N
AZERBAIJAN
ARMENIA
KUWAIT
QATAR UNITED
ARAB
EMIRATES
SCOTLAND
WESTERN
SAHARA
MAURITANIA
IRELAND
Don
Volga
Dnepr
Dnestr
Tig
ris
Nile
Po
Loire
Ural
Sydar’ya
Severnaya Dvina
Sukhona
Volga
Ob’
Ob’
Irtysh
Irtysh
Tobol
Rhône
Donau
Duero
Tajo
Seine
E
uphrates
Pr ipyat
Desna
Pr ut
Crete
MADEIRA IS.
CANARY IS.
BALEARIC IS.
Corsica
Sicily
FAEROES
SHETLAND IS.
HEBRIDES
Sardinia
Ostrov Kolguyav
ORKNEY IS.
Denmark Strait
GREENLAND SEA
BARENTS SEA
Bay of
Biscay
A T L A N T I C
O C E A N
AR C T IC OCEAN
M
E
D
I
T
E
R
R
A
N
E
A
N
S
E
A
Strait of Gibraltar
NORTH
SEA
Skagerrak
B L A C K S E A
ARAL
SEA
C
A
S
P
I A
N
S E A
Persian Gulf
R E D
S E A
B
A
L
T
I C
S
E
A
G
u
lf o
f B
o
th
n
ia
NOR WEGIAN
SEA
Gulf of
Sir te
U
R
A
L
M
O
U
N
T
A
I N
S
TOROS DAGLA
RI
L.Van
L.Onega
L.Ladoga
C A U C A S U S
HAUT ATLAS
A T L A S S A H A R I E N
CAR
PATH
IA
N
S
A
L
P
S
ELBURZ M
OU
N
TA
IN
S
ZAGROS M
OUNTAINS
WEST
SIBERIAN
PLAIN
KOLA
PENINSULA
MASSIF
CENTRAL
Andorra la Vella
Madrid
Lisbon
Rabat
Algiers
El Aaiun
Las Palmas
London
Dublin
Brussels
Paris
Athens
Ankara
Tunis
Nicosia
Damascus
Amman
Baghdad
Cairo
Abu Dhabi
Jerusalem
Beirut
Benghazi
Tripoli
Bucharest
So ya
Skopje
Tbilisi
Ashkhabad
Baku
Yerevan
Tehran
The Hague
Luxembourg
Berlin
Copenhagen
Riga
Vilnius
Tallinn
Warsaw
Prague
Moscow
Minsk
Kiev
Kishinev
Bratislava
Vienna
Budapest
Belgrade
Sarajevo
Ljubljana
San Marino
Rome
Tirane
Bern
Monaco
Oslo
Stockholm
Helsinki
Reykjavik
Göteborg
Porto
Belfast
Cardi
Edinburgh
Sankt-Peterburg
Bilbao
Casablanca
Sevilla
Malaga
Marrakech
Kazan
Samara
Magnitogorsk
Yekaterinburg
Gibraltar
Sevastopol’
Odessa
Istanbul
Izmir
Omsk
Arkhangel’sk
Murmansk
Alexandria
Suez
Barcelona
Riyadh
Al Kuwayt
Al Basrah
58
74
74
58
66
56
48
50
40
34
42
32
26
0
8
16
24
32
48
24
16
50
34
42
26
8
16
24
32
48
56
40
64
80
88
88
80
72
64
56
0
8
8
16
24
32
48
40
Arctic Circle
66
Arctic Circle
EUROPE
Map drawn by
0
500
1000
1500 Miles
0
500
1000
1500
2000 Kilometres

Y u k o n
M
ackenzie
Peace
Platt e
Ar kansas
M
ississippi
Canadian
Red
C ol or ad o
Rio Grande
Alabama
Orin oc o
A pure
M
et a
G ua
viare
Missouri
N. Saskatchew
an
Colorado
Porcupine
S. Saskatchew
an
M
is
sis
sip
pi
M
isso u
ri
A
thabasca
Pt. Barrow
Mt. McKinley
Mt. Logan
MCKENZIE MOUNT
AINS
Cape Flattery
Mt. Rainier
CASC
ADE R
ANGE
Cape Mendocino
SIERR
A NEV
AD
A
Mt. Whitney
Pt. Arguello
Punta Eugenia
Cabo Falso
Cabo Corrientes
Yucatan
Peninsula
Mississippi Delta
Cape Fear
Cape Hatteras
Great Bear Lake
Great Slave Lake
Great Salt Lake
Cape Dyer
Cape Chidley
Kap Fervel
Labrador
L.Superior
L.M
ichigan
L .H ur
on
Cape Bauld
Cape Race
Cape Sable
Cape Cod
R
O
C
K
Y
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
B
a
j
a
C
a
l
i
f
o
r
n
i
a
Edmonton
Anchorage
Vancouver
Fairbanks
Seattle
Los Angeles
San Francisco
San Diego
Denver
Phoenix
Boston
New York
Harrisburg
Ciudad Juárez
Toronto
Detroit
Madison
Montreal
Ottawa
St. Paul
Chicago
Jacksonville
Indianapolis
Nashville
Baton Rouge
Houston
Dallas
Monterrey
Guadalajara
Habana
Guatemala
Atlanta
Miami
Kingston
Port-Au-Prince
Santo
Domingo
San José
Managua
Cali
Maracaibo
Caracas
Medellín
Bogotá
Panama
St. Louis
Las Vegas
Acapulco
Salem
Olympia
Helena
Boise
Cheyenne
Lincoln
Salt Lake City
Carson City
Sacramento
Santa Fe
Oklahoma City
Austin
Tallahassee
Columbia
Raleigh
Juneau
Topeka
Bismarck
Pierre
Jackson
Richmond
Augusta
Lansing
Albany
Frankfort
Montgomery
Little
Rock
Dover
Annapolis
Des Moines
Hartford
Spring eld
Je erson
City
Trenton
Concord
Montpelier
Charleston
Columbus
Providence
Tegucigalpa
New Orleans
Barrow
Inuvik
Ft. McPherson
Ft. Norman
Whitehorse
Prince Rupert
Hermosillo
Chihuahua
Torreón
Leon
Mexico City
Tampico
Mérida
San Antonio
Tampa
Orlando
Savannah
El Paso
Yellowknife
Saskatoon
Calgary
Regina
Winnipeg
Thunder Bay
Moosonee
Churchill
Igaluit
Reykjavik
Goose Bay
St. John’s
Halifax
Kangiqliniq
Rankin Inlet)

FLORIDA
ALABAMA
MARYLAND
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
ARKANSAS
GEORGIA
IDAHO
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW
YORK
NORTH
CAROLINA
NORTH
DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH
CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WEST
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WASHINGTON D.C.
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
INDIANA
ILLINOIS
NEW MEXICO
ARIZONA
ALBERTA
BRITISH COLUMBIA
NEW
BRUNSWICK
NEWFOUNDLAND
PRINCE
EDWARD
IS.
MANITOBA
NORTHERN TERRITORIES
NOVA SCOTIA
ONTARIO
QUEBEC
SASKATCHEWAN
YUKON TERRITORY
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
N
U
N
A
V
U
T
PANAMA
COSTA RICA
NICARAGUA
HONDURAS
EL SALVADOR
BELIZE
GUATEMALA
COLOMBIA
VENEZUELA
BRAZIL
DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC
MEXICO
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
C
A
N
A
D
A
ALASKA
(USA)
ICELAND
CUBA
JAMAICA
GREENLAND
BERMUDA
BAHAMAS
HAITI
PUERTO
RICO
Y u k o n
M
ackenzie
Peace
Platt e
Ar kansas
M
ississippi
Canadian
Red
C ol or ad o
Rio Grande
Alabama
Orin oc o
A pure
M
et a
G ua
viare
Missouri
N. Saskatchew
an
Colorado
Porcupine
S. Saskatchew
an
M
is
sis
sip
pi
M
isso u
ri
A
thabasca
St. Lawrence Island
Kodiak Island
QUEEN
CHARLOTTE
ISLANDS
Victoria Island
Belcher Is.
Ba n Island
Newfoundland
Ellesmere Island
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS
A R C T I C O C E A N
CHUKCHI SEA
B E R I N G S E A
B E A U F O R T S E A
GULF OF ALASKA
P
A
C
I F
I C
O
C
E
A
N
GULF OF MEXICO
C A R I B B E A N S E A
Hudson Bay
B a n B a y
L A B R A D O R S E A
A T L A N T I C O C E A N
G
U
L
F
O
F
C
A
L
I F
O
R
N
I A
Pt. Barrow
Mt. McKinley
Mt. Logan
MCKENZIE MOUNT
AINS
Cape Flattery
Mt. Rainier
CASC
ADE R
ANGE
Cape Mendocino
SIERR
A NEV
AD
A
Mt. Whitney
Pt. Arguello
Punta Eugenia
Cabo Falso
Cabo Corrientes
Yucatan
Peninsula
Mississippi Delta
Cape Fear
Cape Hatteras
Great Bear Lake
Great Slave Lake
Great Salt Lake
Cape Dyer
Cape Chidley
Kap Fervel
Labrador
L.Superior
L.M
ichigan
L .H ur
on
Cape Bauld
Cape Race
Cape Sable
Cape Cod
R
O
C
K
Y
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
B
a
j
a
C
a
l
i
f
o
r
n
i
a
Edmonton
Anchorage
Vancouver
Fairbanks
Seattle
Los Angeles
San Francisco
San Diego
Denver
Phoenix
Boston
New York
Harrisburg
Ciudad Juárez
Toronto
Detroit
Madison
Montreal
Ottawa
St. Paul
Chicago
Jacksonville
Indianapolis
Nashville
Baton Rouge
Houston
Dallas
Monterrey
Guadalajara
Habana
Guatemala
Atlanta
Miami
Kingston
Port-Au-Prince
Santo
Domingo
San José
Managua
Cali
Maracaibo
Caracas
Medellín
Bogotá
Panama
St. Louis
Las Vegas
Acapulco
Salem
Olympia
Helena
Boise
Cheyenne
Lincoln
Salt Lake City
Carson City
Sacramento
Santa Fe
Oklahoma City
Austin
Tallahassee
Columbia
Raleigh
Juneau
Topeka
Bismarck
Pierre
Jackson
Richmond
Augusta
Lansing
Albany
Frankfort
Montgomery
Little
Rock
Dover
Annapolis
Des Moines
Hartford
Spring eld
Je erson
City
Trenton
Concord
Montpelier
Charleston
Columbus
Providence
Tegucigalpa
New Orleans
Barrow
Inuvik
Ft. McPherson
Ft. Norman
Whitehorse
Prince Rupert
Hermosillo
Chihuahua
Torreón
Leon
Mexico City
Tampico
Mérida
San Antonio
Tampa
Orlando
Savannah
El Paso
Yellowknife
Saskatoon
Calgary
Regina
Winnipeg
Thunder Bay
Moosonee
Churchill
Igaluit
Reykjavik
Goose Bay
St. John’s
Halifax
Kangiqliniq
Rankin Inlet)
160°
Arctic Circle
60°
80°
160°
80°
20°
40°
160°
180°
Tropic
of Cancer
140°
100°
120°
40°
20°
Tropic of
Cancer
40°
20°
60°
Arctic Circle
60°
80°
NORTH AMERICA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

FLORIDA
ALABAMA
MARYLAND
CALIFORNIA
COLORADO
CONNECTICUT
DELAWARE
ARKANSAS
GEORGIA
IDAHO
IOWA
KANSAS
KENTUCKY
LOUISIANA
MAINE
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
MINNESOTA
MISSISSIPPI
MISSOURI
MONTANA
NEBRASKA
NEVADA
NEW HAMPSHIRE
NEW JERSEY
NEW
YORK
NORTH
CAROLINA
NORTH
DAKOTA
OHIO
OKLAHOMA
OREGON
PENNSYLVANIA
RHODE ISLAND
SOUTH
CAROLINA
SOUTH DAKOTA
TENNESSEE
TEXAS
UTAH
VERMONT
VIRGINIA
WEST
VIRGINIA
WASHINGTON
WASHINGTON D.C.
WISCONSIN
WYOMING
INDIANA
ILLINOIS
NEW MEXICO
ARIZONA
ALBERTA
BRITISH COLUMBIA
NEW
BRUNSWICK
NEWFOUNDLAND
PRINCE
EDWARD
IS.
MANITOBA
NORTHERN TERRITORIES
NOVA SCOTIA
ONTARIO
QUEBEC
SASKATCHEWAN
YUKON TERRITORY
NORTHWEST TERRITORIES
N
U
N
A
V
U
T
PANAMA
COSTA RICA
NICARAGUA
HONDURAS
EL SALVADOR
BELIZE
GUATEMALA
COLOMBIA
VENEZUELA
BRAZIL
DOMINICAN
REPUBLIC
MEXICO
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
C
A
N
A
D
A
ALASKA
(USA)
ICELAND
CUBA
JAMAICA
GREENLAND
BERMUDA
BAHAMAS
HAITI
PUERTO
RICO
Y u k o n
M
ackenzie
Peace
Platt e
Ar kansas
M
ississippi
Canadian
Red
C ol or ad o
Rio Grande
Alabama
Orin oc o
A pure
M
et a
G ua
viare
Missouri
N. Saskatchew
an
Colorado
Porcupine
S. Saskatchew
an
M
is
sis
sip
pi
M
isso u
ri
A
thabasca
St. Lawrence Island
Kodiak Island
QUEEN
CHARLOTTE
ISLANDS
Victoria Island
Belcher Is.
Ba n Island
Newfoundland
Ellesmere Island
ALEUTIAN ISLANDS
A R C T I C O C E A N
CHUKCHI SEA
B E R I N G S E A
B E A U F O R T S E A
GULF OF ALASKA
P
A
C
I F
I C
O
C
E
A
N
GULF OF MEXICO
C A R I B B E A N S E A
Hudson Bay
B a n B a y
L A B R A D O R S E A
A T L A N T I C O C E A N
G
U
L
F
O
F
C
A
L
I F
O
R
N
I A
Pt. Barrow
Mt. McKinley
Mt. Logan
MCKENZIE MOUNT
AINS
Cape Flattery
Mt. Rainier
CASC
ADE R
ANGE
Cape Mendocino
SIERR
A NEV
AD
A
Mt. Whitney
Pt. Arguello
Punta Eugenia
Cabo Falso
Cabo Corrientes
Yucatan
Peninsula
Mississippi Delta
Cape Fear
Cape Hatteras
Great Bear Lake
Great Slave Lake
Great Salt Lake
Cape Dyer
Cape Chidley
Kap Fervel
Labrador
L.Superior
L.M
ichigan
L .H ur
on
Cape Bauld
Cape Race
Cape Sable
Cape Cod
R
O
C
K
Y
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
B
a
j
a
C
a
l
i
f
o
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n
i
a
Edmonton
Anchorage
Vancouver
Fairbanks
Seattle
Los Angeles
San Francisco
San Diego
Denver
Phoenix
Boston
New York
Harrisburg
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Jacksonville
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Baton Rouge
Houston
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Monterrey
Guadalajara
Habana
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Atlanta
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Kingston
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Santo
Domingo
San José
Managua
Cali
Maracaibo
Caracas
Medellín
Bogotá
Panama
St. Louis
Las Vegas
Acapulco
Salem
Olympia
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Lincoln
Salt Lake City
Carson City
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Austin
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Columbia
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Pierre
Jackson
Richmond
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Little
Rock
Dover
Annapolis
Des Moines
Hartford
Spring eld
Je erson
City
Trenton
Concord
Montpelier
Charleston
Columbus
Providence
Tegucigalpa
New Orleans
Barrow
Inuvik
Ft. McPherson
Ft. Norman
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Hermosillo
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Torreón
Leon
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Tampico
Mérida
San Antonio
Tampa
Orlando
Savannah
El Paso
Yellowknife
Saskatoon
Calgary
Regina
Winnipeg
Thunder Bay
Moosonee
Churchill
Igaluit
Reykjavik
Goose Bay
St. John’s
Halifax
Kangiqliniq
Rankin Inlet)
160°
Arctic Circle
60°
80°
160°
80°
20°
40°
160°
180°
Tropic
of Cancer
140°
100°
120°
40°
20°
Tropic of
Cancer
40°
20°
60°
Arctic Circle
60°
80°
0
500
1000
1500
2000 Miles
0
500
1000
1500
3000 Kilometres
2000
2500
NORTH AMERICA
Map drawn by

Magdalena
Sáo Francisco
Amazona
J u r u á
T ap aj ós
M ad eira
Branco
Orinoco
Japurá
Negr o
Orinoco
Maranón
Guaporé
P urus
P ar an á
U ru gu ay
Colorado
Chubu t
Mamoré
Salado
N egro
Salado
Putumayo
Pilcomayo
Ar
in
o
s
X
in
g
u
Tocant
ins
Ara
gu
aia
Pa
rn
aib
a
Cabo de
São Roque
Barragem de
Sobradinho
BRAZILIAN
HIGHLANDS
C
A
M
P
O
S
P L A N A L T O D E
M A T O G R O S S O
Cabo de São Tomé
Cabo Frio
Reprêsa
Ilha Grande
Lagôa dos Patos
Lagôa Mirim
Rio de La Plata
Cabo San Antonio
Itaipu Res.
Huila
Chimborazo
Nevado Huascarán
Nevado Ancohume
Pta. Gallinas
Lake
Maracaibo
Cabo Corrientes
Punta Galera
Punta
Aguja
Lake
Titicaca
SIERRA DOS P
ARECIS
ALTIPLANO
Lake
Poopó
Volcán Llullaillaco
Nevado Ojos
del Salado
Cerro Aconcagua
Mar Chiquito
P
AMP
AS
Pena. Valdés
Lago Buenos
Aires
C. Tres Puntas
C. San Diego
Cape Horn
Delta del Orinoco
ATA
C
A
M
A
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T
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R
A
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O
SE
R
R
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A R
CAATI N G AS
S
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G U
I A N A
H I G HL A ND S
A
N
D
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S
M
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A
I
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S
A
N
D
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S
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
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S
Caracas
Maracaibo
Bogotá
Medellín
Barranquilla
Cali
Quito
Guayaquil
Manaus
Cayenne
Paramaribo
Georgetown
Lima
La Paz
Asunción
Fortaleza
Recife
Salvador
Belèm
Macapá
Belo Horizonte
Rio de Janeiro
Brasília
São Paulo
Pôrto Alegre
Montevideo
Buenos Aires
Rosario
Santiago
São Luis
Maceió
Santos
La Plata
Bahia Blanca
Arica
Antofagasta
Punta Arenas
Port of Spain
SOUTH AMERICA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

ARGENTINA
CHILE
URUGUAY
B
R
A
Z
I L
PARAGUAY
B O L I V I A
P E R U
ECUADOR
COLOMBIA
VENEZUELA
GUYANA
FRENCH GUIANA
P A N A M A
TRINIDAD
& TOBAGO
COSTA
RICA
SURINAM
Magdalena
Sáo Francisco
Amazona
J u r u á
T ap aj ós
M ad eira
Branco
Orinoco
Japurá
Negr o
Orinoco
Maranón
Guaporé
P urus
P ar an á
U ru gu ay
Colorado
Chubu t
Mamoré
Salado
N egro
Salado
Putumayo
Pilcomayo
Ar
in
o
s
X
in
g
u
Tocant
ins
Ara
gu
aia
Pa
rn
aib
a
I. de Marajó
South Georgia
I. Fernando
de Noronha
Netherlands
Antilles
Isla de Chiloé
ARCHIPELAGO DE
LOS CHONOS
West
Falkland
East
Falkland
ARCHIPELAGO
REINA ADELAIDE
Tierra del Fuego
LESSER ANTILLES
FALKLAND/MALVINAS
ISLANDS
B. de Marajó
B. de São Marcos
A T L A N T I C O C E A N
C A R I B B E A N S E A
Gulf of
Venezuela
Gulf of
Panama
Bahia
Blanca
Golfo San Matias
Golfo de
San Jorge
Bahia Grande
Strait of Magellan
S
C
O
T
I A
S
E
A
P A C I F I C O C E A N
A T L A N T I C O C E A N
Amazon R.
Cabo de
São Roque
Barragem de
Sobradinho
BRAZILIAN
HIGHLANDS
C
A
M
P
O
S
P L A N A L T O D E
M A T O G R O S S O
Cabo de São Tomé
Cabo Frio
Reprêsa
Ilha Grande
Lagôa dos Patos
Lagôa Mirim
Rio de La Plata
Cabo San Antonio
Itaipu Res.
Huila
Chimborazo
Nevado Huascarán
Nevado Ancohume
Pta. Gallinas
Lake
Maracaibo
Cabo Corrientes
Punta Galera
Punta
Aguja
Lake
Titicaca
SIERRA DOS P
ARECIS
ALTIPLANO
Lake
Poopó
Volcán Llullaillaco
Nevado Ojos
del Salado
Cerro Aconcagua
Mar Chiquito
P
AMP
AS
Pena. Valdés
Lago Buenos
Aires
C. Tres Puntas
C. San Diego
Cape Horn
Delta del Orinoco
ATA
C
A
M
A
D
ESER
T
G
R
A
N
C
H
A
C
O
SE
R
R
A
D
O
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A R
CAATI N G AS
S
E
L
V
A
S
G U
I A N A
H I G HL A ND S
A
N
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S
M
O
U
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T
A
I
N
S
A
N
D
E
S
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
Caracas
Maracaibo
Bogotá
Medellín
Barranquilla
Cali
Quito
Guayaquil
Manaus
Cayenne
Paramaribo
Georgetown
Lima
La Paz
Asunción
Fortaleza
Recife
Salvador
Belèm
Macapá
Belo Horizonte
Rio de Janeiro
Brasília
São Paulo
Pôrto Alegre
Montevideo
Buenos Aires
Rosario
Santiago
São Luis
Maceió
Santos
La Plata
Bahia Blanca
Arica
Antofagasta
Punta Arenas
Port of Spain
30°
40°
50°
30°
40°
50°
60°
70°
80°
50°
20°
10°
10°
40°
50°
60°
80°
70°
10°
10°
20°
20°
90°
Tropic of
Cancer
30°
40°
Tropic of
Cancer
SOUTH AMERICA
Maps by Knowledge Quest, Inc.

ARGENTINA
CHILE
URUGUAY
B
R
A
Z
I L
PARAGUAY
B O L I V I A
P E R U
ECUADOR
COLOMBIA
VENEZUELA
GUYANA
FRENCH GUIANA
P A N A M A
TRINIDAD
& TOBAGO
COSTA
RICA
SURINAM
Magdalena
Sáo Francisco
Amazona
J u r u á
T ap aj ós
M ad eira
Branco
Orinoco
Japurá
Negr o
Orinoco
Maranón
Guaporé
P urus
P ar an á
U ru gu ay
Colorado
Chubu t
Mamoré
Salado
N egro
Salado
Putumayo
Pilcomayo
Ar
in
o
s
X
in
g
u
Tocant
ins
Ara
gu
aia
Pa
rn
aib
a
I. de Marajó
South Georgia
I. Fernando
de Noronha
Netherlands
Antilles
Isla de Chiloé
ARCHIPELAGO DE
LOS CHONOS
West
Falkland
East
Falkland
ARCHIPELAGO
REINA ADELAIDE
Tierra del Fuego
LESSER ANTILLES
FALKLAND/MALVINAS
ISLANDS
B. de Marajó
B. de São Marcos
A T L A N T I C O C E A N
C A R I B B E A N S E A
Gulf of
Venezuela
Gulf of
Panama
Bahia
Blanca
Golfo San Matias
Golfo de
San Jorge
Bahia Grande
Strait of Magellan
S
C
O
T
I A
S
E
A
P A C I F I C O C E A N
A T L A N T I C O C E A N
Amazon R.
Cabo de
São Roque
Barragem de
Sobradinho
BRAZILIAN
HIGHLANDS
C
A
M
P
O
S
P L A N A L T O D E
M A T O G R O S S O
Cabo de São Tomé
Cabo Frio
Reprêsa
Ilha Grande
Lagôa dos Patos
Lagôa Mirim
Rio de La Plata
Cabo San Antonio
Itaipu Res.
Huila
Chimborazo
Nevado Huascarán
Nevado Ancohume
Pta. Gallinas
Lake
Maracaibo
Cabo Corrientes
Punta Galera
Punta
Aguja
Lake
Titicaca
SIERRA DOS P
ARECIS
ALTIPLANO
Lake
Poopó
Volcán Llullaillaco
Nevado Ojos
del Salado
Cerro Aconcagua
Mar Chiquito
P
AMP
AS
Pena. Valdés
Lago Buenos
Aires
C. Tres Puntas
C. San Diego
Cape Horn
Delta del Orinoco
ATA
C
A
M
A
D
ESER
T
G
R
A
N
C
H
A
C
O
SE
R
R
A
D
O
M
A R
CAATI N G AS
S
E
L
V
A
S
G U
I A N A
H I G HL A ND S
A
N
D
E
S
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
A
N
D
E
S
M
O
U
N
T
A
I
N
S
Caracas
Maracaibo
Bogotá
Medellín
Barranquilla
Cali
Quito
Guayaquil
Manaus
Cayenne
Paramaribo
Georgetown
Lima
La Paz
Asunción
Fortaleza
Recife
Salvador
Belèm
Macapá
Belo Horizonte
Rio de Janeiro
Brasília
São Paulo
Pôrto Alegre
Montevideo
Buenos Aires
Rosario
Santiago
São Luis
Maceió
Santos
La Plata
Bahia Blanca
Arica
Antofagasta
Punta Arenas
Port of Spain
30°
40°
50°
30°
40°
50°
60°
70°
80°
50°
20°
10°
10°
40°
50°
60°
80°
70°
10°
10°
20°
20°
90°
Tropic of
Cancer
30°
40°
Tropic of
Cancer
0
500
1000
1500
2000 Miles
0
500
1000
1500
3000 Kilometres
2000
2500
SOUTH AMERICA
Map drawn by