Expedition Earth
Lesson Plans
Answer Key to Quizzes

Quiz 1 - Answers
1. Just 3% of Algeria's land is available for farming.
2. The crescent and star on Algeria's flag are Islamic symbols, and the crescent
is thought to bring happiness.
3. Name the capital of each country.
Algeria - Algiers
Angola - Luanda
Benin - Porto-Novo
Botswana - Gaborone
Circle the countries that border the Atlantic Ocean.
Angola
Benin
4. The three largest ethnic groups in Benin are the Fon, Adja, and Yoruba.
5. The music traditionally enjoyed in Botswana is vocal, sometimes
accompanied by stringed instruments.
6. The words Burkina Faso mean Land of Honest People.
7. The emperor of the Mossi people is called Mogho Naaba.

Quiz 2 - Answers
1. (a) The Belgian colony partially made up by Burundi during the early
twentieth century was Ruanda-Urundi.
(b) Rwanda was also part of this colony.
2. Name the capital of each country.
Burundi - Bujumbura
Cameroon - Yaoundé
Cape Verde - Praia
Central African Republic - Bangui
Chad - N'Djamena
Comoros - Moroni
Congo - Brazzaville
3. The Ubangi and Chari Rivers gave the Central African Republic its name as a
French colony.
4. Lake Chad has shrunk by 95% due to overuse.
5. Three crops that are grown on the Comoros Islands are (answers will vary but
may include any three of the following) coconuts, vanilla, coffee, ylang-ylang,
and cocoa beans.
6. Most Congolese people live in the cities of Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire.

Quiz 3 - Answers
1. The Democratic Republic of the Congo was formerly called Zaire.
2. Djibouti's Lac Assal is the lowest elevation on the African continent.
3. Ethiopia was once known as Abyssinia.
4. Greek Ptolemaic kings harvested war elephants from Eritrea.
5. Cheops is the pharaoh who is believed to have been buried in Egypt's largest
pyramid.
6. The nomadic Afar people live in Djibouti.
7. The Ethiopian Ge'ez is the calendar used in Ethiopia.
8. Aswan is in southern Egypt.
9. Equatorial Guinea's mainland region is called Rio Muni.
10. Name the capital of each country.
Democratic Republic of the Congo - Kinshasa
Djibouti - Djibouti
Egypt - Cairo
Equatorial Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Ethiopia – Addis Ababa

Quiz 4 - Answers
1. A competition for the best dancer is held during the Festival of Masks.
2. Lake Volta is the largest man-made lake in the world.
3. About 85% of Gabon is rainforest.
4. Senegal surrounds Gambia.
5. Name at least two natural resources or crops found in each country.
(Answers will vary but may include any of the following.)
Gabon – petroleum, timber manganese, iron ore
Ghana – cocoa, timber, rubber, diamonds, gold
Guinea-Bissau – cashews, peanuts, fish
Guinea – diamonds, gold, iron ore, bauxite
Ivory Coast – coffee, cocoa
6. Name the capital of each country.
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Ghana - Accra
Guinea - Conakry
Guinea-Bissau - Bissau
Ivory Coast - Yamoussoukro

Quiz 5 - Answers
1. Robert Drury was held captive on Madagascar.
2. People in Ghadames stay cool by building homes with thick mud and lime
walls and traveling between buildings in covered walkways.
3. Liberia's capital get its name from American president James Monroe.*
4. Over 90% of Libya is covered by desert.
5. The Chewa people of Malawi protect themselves from wild animals by
building stockade fences around their villages.
6. In Masai Mara, you may see migrating animals such as elephants, zebra,
gazelle, wildebeest, giraffes, cheetahs, hyenas, hippopotamus, crocodiles,
ostriches, storks, cranes, and lilac breasted rollers.
7. Name the capital of each country.
Kenya - Nairobi
Lesotho - Maseru
Liberia - Monrovia
Libya - Tripoli
Madagascar - Antananarivo
Malawi – Lilongwe
* This president is incorrectly identified as John Monroe in Expedition Earth.

Quiz 6 - Answers
1. Mozambique's Gaza Empire was founded by General Soshangane of the
Zulu Army.
2. Both Morocco and the Polisario Front claim Western Sahara.
3. The Moroccan-American Treaty of Friendship began because Morocco was
the first country to publicly recognize the United States as an independent
nation.
4. The first people to live on Mauritius were Dutch colonists.
5. Name at least two natural resources or crops from each country.
(Answers will vary but may include any of the following.)
Mali – cotton, gold
Mauritania – iron, copper, gold, fish
Morocco – oranges, lemons, olives
Mozambique – coal, titanium, aluminum, graphite
6. Name the capital of each country.
Mali - Bamako
Mauritania – Nouakchott
Mauritius – Port Louis
Morocco - Rabat
Mozambique - Maputo

Quiz 7 - Answers
1. Intore dancers of Rwanda can jump as high as 13 feet in the air.
2. The first Nok sculpture was discovered in 1928 in the village of Nok at a
mining operation.
3. Africa's most populated country is Nigeria.
4. Purdah is an Islamic belief that secludes women from people outside their
close families.
5. Name at least two natural resources or crops from each country.
(Answers will vary but may include any of the following.)
Namibia – diamonds, gold, silver
Niger – iron, coal, gold, uranium, millet, potatoes, onions, cowpeas, peppers
Nigeria – petroleum, cocoa, citrus, coconut, sugar cane, yams
Rwanda – coffee, tea, bananas, potatoes, beans
6. Name the capital of each country.
Namibia - Windhoek
Niger - Niamey
Nigeria - Abuja
Rwanda - Kigali

Quiz 8 - Answers
1. (a) Senegal, São Tomé and Príncipe, and Sierra Leone border the Atlantic
Ocean.
(b) Seychelles and Somalia border the Indian Ocean.
2. Hospitality is highly prized in Senegal.
3. Sierra Leone means “lion mountain range.”
4. Somalia's coastline is the longest of any African country.
5. Name the capital of each country.
Senegal - Dakar
Sao Tome and Principe – Sao Tome
Seychelles - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Somalia - Mogadishu

Quiz 9 - Answers
1. Afrikaans is related to Dutch.
2. Mount Kilimanjaro is Africa's tallest mountain.
3. It is 19,341 feet tall.
4. Zanzibar and Tanganyika make up the country of Tanzania.
5. The first successful heart transplant was performed in South Africa.
6. More than 40 ethnic groups live in Togo.
7. Name at least two natural resources or crops that come from each country.
(Answers will vary but may contain any of the following.)
South Africa – diamonds, gold, corn, sugar, fruit, wool
Swaziland – sugar cane, citrus fruits, textile goods, timber
Togo – cocoa, coffee, cotton
Tanzania – gold, diamonds, iron, tin, platinum, coal, Tanzanite gemstones
8. Name the capital of each country.
South Africa - Pretoria
Sudan - Khartoum
Swaziland - Lobamba
Togo - Lome
Tanzania - Dodoma

Quiz 10 - Answers
1. Carthage started out as a colony of Phoenicia.
2. Swahili and Luganda are spoken in Uganda.
3. Zimbabwe has no national currency.
4. The local name for Victoria Falls means Thundering Smoke.
5. Victoria Falls flows over the Zambezi River.
6. Three crops that grow in Tunisia are (answers will vary but may include any of
the following) tomatoes, olives, almonds, figs, citrus fruits.
7. Name the capital of each country.
Tunisia - Tunis
Uganda - Kampala
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

Quiz 11 - Answers
1. A stupa is a large, high-roofed central room in a Buddhist monastery.
2. Afghanistan and Bhutan are landlocked.
3. Cambodia was called French Indochina and then Kampuchea between 1863
and 1989.
4. Brunei is located on the island of Borneo.
5. Mountain climbing is outlawed in Bhutan.
6. East Pakistan was Bangladesh.
7. Name the capital of each country.
Afghanistan - Kabul
Bahrain - Manama
Brunei – Bandar Seri Begawan
Bangladesh - Dhaka
Bhutan - Thimphu
Cambodia – Phnom Penh

Quiz 12 - Answers
1. The Taj Mahal was built as a tomb for Emperor Shah Jahan's wife.
2. A dalang is the puppet master in a wayang kulit performance.
3. China and India have more than one billion people.
4. Saladin was an Islamic military leader who fought the Christian Crusaders in
the twelfth century.
5. Three spices or crops that come from Indonesia are (answers will vary but
may include any of the following) rice, coffee, tea, black pepper, nutmeg, mace.
6. Cyrus the Great and Darius the Great were two kings of the Medes and
Persians.
7. Name the capital of each country.
China - Beijing
India – New Delhi
Indonesia - Jakarta
Iran - Tehran
Iraq - Baghdad

Quiz 13 - Answers
1. Almost 7,000 islands make up Japan.
2. Israel became a nation in 1948.
3. Kyu-kuu means “kiss the girl” and is a game where a young man and young
woman compete to see who is the fastest rider.
4. Japanese people call their country Nippon and Nihon.
5. Three of Kazakhstan's natural resources are (answers will vary but may
include any of the following) wool, leather, wheat, petroleum, natural gas,
copper, lead, diamonds.
6. Name the capital of each country.
Israel - Jerusalem
Japan - Tokyo
Jordan - Amman
Kazakhstan - Astana

Quiz 14 - Answers
1. The highest elevation of the Maldives is 8 feet.
2. The cedar tree has been a symbol of Lebanon for centuries.
3. Thousands of types of rice are grown in Laos.
4. Competitions in archery, wrestling, and horse racing through open country are
held during Naadam.
5. A dewaniya is a Kuwaiti gathering open only to men where they play cards or
discuss business or politics.
6. Jalur Gemilang is the name of the Malaysian flag and means Stripes of Glory.
7. Two of the themes for past Hari Merdeka celebrations are (answers will vary
but may include any of the following) Love and Unity, Culture is the Core of
Unity, Honesty Brings Success, Together Towards Vision, and Our Country, Our
Responsibility.
8. Name the capital of each country.
Kuwait – Kuwait City
Kyrgyzstan - Bishkek
Laos - Vientiane
Lebanon - Beirut
Malaysia – Kuala Lumpur
Maldives - Malé
Mongolia - Ulaanbaatar

Quiz 15 - Answers
1. The Jikji is the world's oldest surviving book printed with metal moveable type.
2. Sagarmatha is the name for Mount Everest in the Nepali language.
3. Myanmar is sometimes called Burma.
4. A khanjar is the traditional curved dagger used in Oman.
5. Name at least two natural resources or crops that come from each country.
(Answers will vary but may include any of the following.)
Nepal – tea, rice, clothing, leather items, items made from jute fiber
Oman – copper, limestone, petroleum, natural gas
Qatar – oil, natural gas
6. Name the capital of each country.
Myanmar - Rangoon
Nepal - Kathmandu
North Korea - Pyongyang
South Korea - Seoul
Oman - Muscat
Qatar - Doha

Quiz 16 - Answers
1. The crescent on Singapore's flag represents a waxing moon to symbolize
Singapore as a young, growing nation.
2. About 75% of Russia lies within Asia.
3. More than 7,000 islands are in the Philippines.
4. Sri Lanka means Venerable Island in Sanskrit.
5. Islam began in Saudi Arabia.
6. Lake Baikal is the world's deepest lake.
7. Name the capital of each country.
Pakistan - Islamabad
Philippines - Manila
Russia - Moscow
Saudi Arabia - Riyadh
Singapore - Singapore
Sri Lanka – Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte

Quiz 17 - Answers
1. The Bosphorus and Dardanelles make up the Turkish Straits.
2. The people of Timor-Leste say their island was created from the body of a
giant crocodile.
3. Tajikistanis eat their meals on a carpet on the floor.
4. Taiwan's government was established by the Kuomintang.
5. Damascus is in south-western Syria.
6. Name the capital of each country.
Syria - Damascus
Taiwan - Taipei
Tajikistan - Dushanbe
Timor-Leste - Dili
Thailand - Bangkok
Turkey - Ankara

Quiz 18 - Answers
1. A telpek is the traditional shaggy hat worn by Turkmen men.
2. Yemen's islands lie in the Arabian and Red Seas.
3. The Dong Son created drums that were six feet tall.
4. Name at least two natural resources or crops that come from each country.
(Answer will vary but may include any of the following.)
Turkmenistan – natural gas, cotton
Uzbekistan (list 1) cotton
Yemen – sorghum, cotton, mangoes, barley, wheat
Vietnam – cashews, black pepper
5. Name the capital of each country.
Turkmenistan - Ashgabat
United Arab Emirates – Abu Dhabi
Uzbekistan - Tashkent
Yemen - Sana'a
Vietnam - Hanoi

Quiz 19 - Answers
1. Azerbaijan's government was the first successful democratic nation in the
Islamic world.
2. France and Spain border Andorra.
3. Albania is called Shiqiperi by its natives.
4. Belarus manufactures tractors and heavy machinery.
5. The assassination of Austria's Archduke Franz Ferdinand led to the start of
World War I.
6. Hayk is said to be the founder of Armenia.
7. Name the capital of each country.
Albania - Tirana
Andorra – Andorra la Vella
Armenia - Yerevan
Austria - Vienna
Azerbaijan - Baku
Belarus - Minsk

Quiz 20 - Answers
1. Most of the world's diamonds are processed in Belgium.
2. The Roman Emperor Diocletian was born in Croatia.
3. The Cyrillic alphabet was developed in Bulgaria.
4. On the Cypriot flag, the olive branches and white color represent peace.
5. The Danish flag has been in use since 1370, making it the oldest,
continuously-used flag on earth.
6. Cesko is the Czech Republic.
7. Name the capital of each country.
Belgium - Brussels
Bosnia and Herzegovina - Sarajevo
Bulgaria - Sofia
Croatia - Zagreb
Cyprus - Nicosia
Czech Republic - Prague
Denmark - Copenhagen

Quiz 21 - Answers
1. The Eiffel Tower was built for the 1889 World's Fair.
2. The Berlin Wall was torn down in 1989.
3. Napoleon became the leader of France after the French Revolution.
4. The Sami live in northern Finland, Sweden, Norway, and Russia' Kola
Peninsula.
5. Sarkatvelo is the country of Georgia.
6. About 86% of Finland's land is forested.
7. The name of Estonia's flag is Sinmustvalge, and it means blue-black-white.
8. Name the capital of each country.
Estonia - Tallinn
Finland - Helsinki
France - Paris
Georgia - Tbilisi
Germany - Berlin

Quiz 22 - Answers
1. The Statue of Zeus and Colossus of Rhodes were located in Greece.
2. The first Icelanders came from Norway.
3. Lake Heviz is Europe's largest thermal lake.
4. People think they will receive the gift of clever speech and persuasive flattery
if they kiss the Blarney Stone.
5. The Catholic Pope lives in the Apostolic Palace.
6. A potato blight caused Ireland's Great Famine?
7. Two artists or authors from Italy are (answers will vary but may include any of
the following) Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Pliny the Elder, Pliny the
Younger, Virgil, Ovid, Dante, Niccolo Machiavelli.
8. Name the capital of each country.
Greece - Athens
Hungary - Budapest
Iceland - Reykjavik
Ireland - Dublin
Italy - Rome
Vatican City has no capital.

Quiz 23 - Answers
1. Liechtenstein is Europe's doubly landlocked country.
2. Mindaugas was Lithuania's only king.
3. Alexander the Great was king of Macedonia during ancient times.
4. Bogdan I founded the Principality of Moldovia.
5. The apple tree represents being an orphan to the Latvians.
6. Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia.
7. In Malta, the Apostle Paul was shipwrecked and bitten by a venomous snake
but not hurt.
8. Name the capital of each country.
Kosovo - Pristina
Latvia - Riga
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Lithuania - Vilnius
Luxembourg - Luxembourg
Macedonia - Skopjes
Malta - Valletta
Moldova - Chisinau

Quiz 24 - Answers
1. Poland's money is called golden.
2. William of Orange led the Dutch revolt against Spain in the sixteenth century.
3. The Grimaldi family first gained control of Monaco in 1297 when Francesco
Grimaldi disguised himself as a monk, his a sword under his robes, and took
control of the castle on the Rock of Monaco.
4. Norsemen settled in (answers will vary but may include the following) Iceland,
Greenland, and Vinland in North America.
5. A gusle is a single-stringed instrument traditionally played in Montenegro.
6. Name the capital of each country.
Monaco - Monaco
Montenegro - Podgorica
Netherlands - Amsterdam
Norway - Oslo
Poland - Warsaw

Quiz 25 - Answers
1. The ancient kingdoms of Aragon, Castile, Leon, and Navarre were the
foundation of modern Spain.
2. Europe's oldest nation is Portugal.
3. Juraj Janosik was Slovakia's Robin Hood counterpart.
4. Transylvania is in Romania.
5. Skiing sports are popular in Slovenia.
6. Serbia's Sirmium was the capital of the Roman Empire during the third
century.
7. Marinus the Stonemason founded San Marino.
8. Name the capital of each country.
Portugal - Lisbon
Romania - Bucharest
San Marino – City of San Marino
Serbia - Belgrade
Slovakia - Bratislava
Slovenia - Ljubljana
Spain - Madrid

Quiz 26 - Answers
1. Beowulf gives the only known information of the Swedish-Geatish war.
2. The Alps and the Jura Mountains are found in Switzerland.
3. The ancient empires of Greece, Rome, and Byzantium had colonies in
Ukraine.
4. Union Jack is the name of the United Kingdom's flag
5. Name the capital of each country.
Sweden - Stockholm
Switzerland - Bern
Ukraine - Kiev
United Kingdom - London

Quiz 27 - Answers
1. Antigua and Barbuda mean “ancient” and “bearded” in Spanish.
2. Cuba gained independence in 1902.
3. The only recorded rain-snow mix in Bahamian history occurred in 1977.
4. The Kriols of Belize are descended from English-Scottish Buccaneers and
African Slaves.
5. Canada means “village” in Iroquois.
6. Costa Rica has a dry summer and a rainy winter.
7. Name the capital of each country.
Antigua and Barbuda – Saint John's
Barbados - Bridgetown
Belize - Belmopan
Canada - Ottawa
Costa Rica – San Jose
Cuba - Havana

Quiz 28 - Answers
1. Dominica was discovered on a Sunday.
2. The first permanent English settlement was at Santo Domingo.
3. The Salvadoran Civil War lasted for 13 years, from 1979-1992.
4. English, French Patois, and Grenadian Creole are spoken in Grenada.
5. The Guatemalan Civil War lasted for 36 years, from 1960-1996.
6. Name the capital of each country.
Dominica - Roseau
Dominican Republic – Santo Domingo
El Salvador – San Salvador
Grenada – Saint George's
Guatemala – Guatemala City

Quiz 29 - Answers
1. Haiti means Land of the High Mountains in the native Taino language.
2. The rain of fish began in 1860.
3. The Jamaican bobsled team made its debut in the Winter Olympics of 1988.
4. Mexico gained full independence in 1821.
5. (a) Nicaragua elected the first female president in all of North and South
America.
(b) She was elected in 1990.
6. Name the capital of each country.
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Jamaica - Kingston
Mexico – Mexico City
Nicaragua - Managua

Quiz 30 - Answers
1. People say the shape of Saint Kitts and Nevis resembles a baseball bat and
ball.
2. About 600 islands make up the Grenadines.
3. The Great American Melting Pot is the diverse mix of people from different
nationalities and cultures that make up America's population.
4. Ships save about 6,000 miles by going through the Panama Canal.
5. Name the capital of each country.
Panama – Panama City
Saint Kitts and Nevis - Basseterre
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines - Kingstown
Trinidad and Tobago – Port of Spain
United States of America – Washington, D.C.

Quiz 31 - Answers
1. True
2. A piece of stone money in the Federated States of Micronesia can be up to 12
feet across.
3. Kiribati exists in all four of the earth's hemispheres.
4. New Zealand's moas were up to 12 feet tall.
5. Name the capital of each country.
Australia - Canberra
Federated States of Micronesia - Palikir
Fiji - Suva
Kiribati - Tarawa
Marshall Islands - Majuro
New Zealand - Wellington

Quiz 32 - Answers
1. Nauru had 12 original tribes.
2. True
3. True
4. Rising sea levels may make Tuvalu uninhabitable in 100 years.
5. Name the capital of each country.
Nauru - Yaren
Palau - Melekeok
Papua New Guinea – Port Moresby
Samoa - Apia
Solomon Islands - Honiara
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Tuvalu – Funafuti
Vanuatu – Port Vila

Quiz 33 - Answers
1. True
2. Quechua was the official language of the Inca Empire.
3. False
4. False
5. Name the capital of each country.
Argentina – Buenos Aires
Bolivia – La Paz
Brazil - Brasilia
Chile - Santiago

Quiz 34 - Answers
1. Colombia's northern coastline touches the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean
Sea.
2. Ecuador's Chimborazo is estimated to be 7,000 feet further from the center of
the earth than Mount Everest.
3. True
4. Paraguay has a third language that mixes elements of Spanish and Guarani
called Jopara.
5. Name the capital of each country.
Colombia - Bogota
Ecuador - Quito
Guyana - Georgetown
Paraguay - Asuncion

Quiz 35 - Answers
1. One of Peru’s most popular drinks is called chicha morada.
2. Suriname was once controlled by the Netherlands
3. In the Guarani language, Uruguay means River of the Painted Birds.
4. James “Jimmie Angel was the first person to fly over Angel Falls.
5. Name the capital of each country.
Peru - Lima
Suriname - Paramaribo
Uruguay - Montevideo
Venezuela - Caracas